Tuesday, February 27, 2018

Cessna 172S Skyhawk SP, N9520Z, registered to Edwin Jones Aviation LLC: Accident occurred January 24, 2018 at McKinney National Airport (KTKI), Collin County, Texas

Analysis 

The student pilot reported that, during the approach to land, the airplane was high, and as she descended, the airspeed increased. She added that, during the touchdown, the airplane bounced three times, and the nose landing gear collapsed.

The student pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper approach and landing flare, which resulted in a porpoised landing.

Findings

Aircraft
Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Abnormal runway contact (Defining event)
Landing gear collapse

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Irving, Texas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


http://registry.faa.gov/N9520Z

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Location: McKinney, TX
Accident Number: GAA18CA143
Date & Time: 01/24/2018, 1100 CST
Registration: N9520Z
Aircraft: CESSNA 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The student pilot reported that during the approach to land, the airplane was high, and as she descended the airspeed increased. She added that, during the touchdown, the airplane bounced three times and the nose landing gear collapsed.

The student pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 24, Female
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/29/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 30 hours (Total, all aircraft), 24 hours (Total, this make and model), 1 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 16 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N9520Z
Model/Series: 172 S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2013
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 172S11278
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/10/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2558 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2128.1 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner: EDWIN JONES AVIATION LLC
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: Menagerie Enterprises, Inc.
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141); Commuter Air Carrier (135); On-demand Air Taxi (135)
Operator Does Business As: MNGS
Operator Designator Code:

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KTKI, 586 ft msl
Observation Time: 1653 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 348°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 12°C / -6°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.49 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: McKinney, TX (TKI)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: McKinney, TX (TKI)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1045 CST
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: MCKINNEY NATIONAL (TKI)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 588 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 18
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 7002 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.180278, -96.588611 (est)

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