Sunday, January 14, 2018

Piper PA-12, N4040M: Accident occurred November 22, 2017 in Dickinson, Stark County, North Dakota

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Fargo, North Dakota

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N4040M

Location: Dickinson, ND
Accident Number: CEN18LA039
Date & Time: 11/22/2017, 1253 MST
Registration: N4040M
Aircraft: PIPER PA 12
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin
Injuries: 1 Serious, 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On November 22, 2017, at 1253 mountain standard time, a Piper PA-12 airplane, N4040M, was substantially damaged during an in-flight collision with a truck trailer immediately after takeoff from an industrial truck yard near Dickinson, North Dakota. The pilot sustained serious injuries and the passenger sustained minor injuries. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot as a 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 personal flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed. The flight was not operated on a flight plan. The flight was originating at the time of the accident. The intended destination was the Sloulin Field International Airport (ISN), Williston, North Dakota.

The pilot stated that during the accident takeoff, when the airplane attempted to climb out of ground effect, it banked to the right and the right-wing tip contacted the ground. The airplane continued to roll and came to rest on a truck trailer. He commented that the airplane might have encountered a wind gust which contributed to a right wing stall. He did not perceive anomalies with respect to the airplane during the accident takeoff.

The pilot informed Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspectors that he did not feel that there was any hindrance to the airplane during the accident takeoff. The airplane was positioned at the east end of the truck yard to use all the available takeoff area. He set two notches of flaps and executed a short field takeoff procedure. The tail of the airplane lifted off the ground at about 30 knots, at which time he applied full flaps causing the airplane became airborne. Shortly afterward, the right wing dropped possibly due to a gust of wind. He responded by applying full left aileron and full left rudder to compensate. As he was recovering from the right bank, he retracted the flaps from full (third notch) to one-half (second notch) and confirmed throttle was full forward. At that time, the airplane tucked and turned sharply to the right.

According to the passenger, the airplane was gaining speed during the takeoff run until it neared the west end of the maintenance building located in the yard. About 10 or 15 feet above the ground, the airplane seemed to come to a "complete dead stop" and subsequently rolled to the right. The pilot was able to recover momentarily; however, the airplane banked to the right again and ultimately impacted a truck trailer.

A witness reported that the airplane became airborne about 400 feet into the takeoff run. Shortly afterward, when the airplane was about 6 feet above ground level, the right wing dipped to 35 or 40 degrees of bank. The pilot corrected, but the airplane remained in a 20-degree right bank. At that point, the airplane started a more abrupt climb, at which time the airplane "snap rolled" to the right and impacted a truck trailer inverted. He described the airplane attitude as "significantly nose up" and estimated the pitch angle as about 15-degrees angle of attack. The right-wing tip was about 6 feet off the ground when the airplane started the roll. The witness noted that the engine sounded as it if came to full power at the beginning of the takeoff and did not vary. He did not perceive and issues with respect to the engine.

One of the FAA inspectors that responded to the accident site reported that the truck yard consisted of dirt and gravel. The portion of the yard used for the accident takeoff was rough and uneven. The takeoff distance available was about 750 feet. A postaccident examination did not reveal any anomalies consistent with a preimpact failure or malfunction. Flight control continuity was confirmed, which included the wing flap control system. The cockpit flap handle appeared to be in the retracted (up) position at the time of the examination. The flaps were also in the retracted position; however, the exact position of the wing flaps at the time of impact could not be determined.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 33, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/01/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 11/14/2015
Flight Time:  185 hours (Total, all aircraft), 78 hours (Total, this make and model), 103 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 35 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 15 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: PIPER
Registration: N4040M
Model/Series: PA 12 NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1947
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 12-2923
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 02/10/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1750 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2168 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-320-A2B
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 1500 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: DIK, 2592 ft msl
Observation Time: 1256 MST
Distance from Accident Site: 13 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 179°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / 3°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility: 10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 24 knots/ 31 knots, 290°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.85 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Dickinson, ND (N/A)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Williston, ND (ISN)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1253 MST
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Serious
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Serious, 1 Minor

Latitude, Longitude: 47.021389, -102.810278 (est)

Location:  Dickinson, ND
Accident Number: CEN18LA039
Date & Time: 11/22/2017, 1245 MST
Registration: N4040M
Aircraft: PIPER PA 12
Injuries: 1 Serious, 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

On November 22, 2017, about 1245 mountain standard time, a Piper PA-12 airplane, N4040M, was substantially damaged during an in-flight collision with a truck trailer near Dickinson, North Dakota. The pilot sustained serious injuries and the passenger sustained minor injuries. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot as a 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 personal flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed. The flight was not operated on a flight plan. The flight was originating at the time of the accident. The intended destination was the Sloulin Field International Airport (ISN), Williston, North Dakota.

The accident occurred shortly after takeoff. The pilot noted that the airplane seemed to lose lift once out of ground effect and he was not able to maintain control. The airplane ultimately came to rest on the trailer of a truck located in the industrial yard from which the airplane was attempting to takeoff. 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: PIPER
Registration: N4040M
Model/Series: PA 12 NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: No
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: DIK, 2592 ft msl
Observation Time: 1956 MST
Distance from Accident Site: 13 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / 3°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 24 knots/ 31 knots, 290°
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 29.85 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: Dickinson, ND
Destination: Williston, ND (ISN)

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Serious
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Serious, 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 47.021389, 102.810278 (est)

No comments: