Sunday, January 14, 2018

Cessna 182A Skylane, N6193B, Connecticut Parachutists Inc: Accident occurred June 01, 2017 at Ellington Airport (7B9), Tolland County, Connecticut

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Enfield, Connecticut

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:

Connecticut Parachutists Inc:

Location: Ellington, CT
Accident Number: GAA17CA325
Date & Time: 06/01/2017, 1345 UTC
Registration: N6193B
Aircraft: CESSNA 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing area overshoot
Injuries: 4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Skydiving


According to the pilot, he landed the airplane on the 1,800-ft-long asphalt runway in the rain at 70 mph with full flaps. He reported that, on final, he had considered conducting a go-around due to wind and weather, but "we were low, slow, and 130 pounds below maximum gross weight with very dynamic wind conditions at the time and …apartment buildings about 400 yards beyond the end of runway 19." During the landing, he touched down with a right crosswind, about 600 ft beyond the runway threshold.

He recalled that he retracted the flaps and pulled the control wheel all the way aft to put as much weight as possible on the main wheels, but he "felt our ground speed was fast and we must have a tailwind." He applied heavy braking, and as the end of the runway approached, he applied full left rudder to avoid a gully that was just beyond the end of the runway. The airplane exited the end of the runway and veered left. The airplane entered the gully and impacted vegetation.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right-wing spar and aileron.

The nearest METAR was 10 nautical miles east of the accident site, and it reported that the wind was from 270° at 13 knots, gusting to 20 knots. The visibility was 10 statute miles with light rain.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Per the National Transportation Safety Board Pilot Aircraft Accident Report, the pilot noted that the accident could have been prevented by initiating a go-around after he realized that he could not land in the first third of the runway. He noted that the approaching rain and wind conditions added personal pressure to land before conditions deteriorated. Additionally, he reported that under normal, dry conditions, heavy braking was required to prevent an overrun. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's unstabilized approach and failure to go around in rainy, gusting crosswind conditions, which resulted in a runway overrun. Contributing to the accident was the pilot's self-induced pressure to land due to the deteriorating weather conditions. 


Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Landing distance - Capability exceeded (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)
Motivation/respond to pressure - Pilot (Factor)

Environmental issues
Rain - Effect on equipment (Cause)
Crosswind - Effect on operation
Gusts - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll
Abnormal runway contact
Landing area overshoot (Defining event)
Loss of control on ground
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 65, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/12/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 09/22/2016
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 944 hours (Total, all aircraft), 14 hours (Total, this make and model), 832 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 39 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 16 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N6193B
Model/Series: 182 A
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1957
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 34193
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 1
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 07/27/2016, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2950 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 12792.5 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470
Rated Power: 230 hp
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBDL, 179 ft msl
Observation Time: 1751 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 10 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 274°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 5000 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 21°C / 11°C
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 7000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 13 knots/ 20 knots, 270°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.88 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV): 
Precipitation and Obscuration: Light - Rain
Departure Point: Ellington, CT (7B9)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Ellington, CT (7B9)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1345 UTC
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: ELLINGTON (7B9)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 253 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Wet
Runway Used: 19
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 1800 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 3 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.925556, -72.457222 (est)

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