Tuesday, January 30, 2018

Cirrus SR20, N68VY, operated by Nassau Flyers Inc., dba Nassau Flyers: Accident occurred May 01, 2017 at Lakewood Airport (N12), Ocean County, New Jersey

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Operator: Nassau Flyers Inc


Operator Does Business As: Nassau Flyers



Location: Lakewood, NJ
Accident Number: GAA17CA253
Date & Time: 05/01/2017, 1657 EDT
Registration: N68VY
Aircraft: CIRRUS SR20
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

Analysis 

The student pilot reported that, during crosswind landing conditions, the airplane landed hard and subsequently bounced. He added that he initiated a go-around, and then the flight instructor took the flight controls.

The flight instructor reported that, after the bounce, the airplane "began to roll to the left in a manner similar to that of an uncoordinated stall." He added that he attempted to regain control of the airplane but was unsuccessful. The airplane rolled right, and the right wing impacted the ground.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings.

The flight instructor reported that there were no preimpact mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airframe or engine that would have precluded normal operation.

The automated weather observation station located about 7 miles north of the airport reported that, about 1 minute before the accident, the wind was from 150° at 11 knots. The airplane landed on runway 24. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to adequately compensate for crosswind conditions during a go-around and the flight instructor's delayed remedial action. 

Findings

Aircraft
Crosswind correction - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)
Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Crosswind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Hard landing (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT) 



Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 22, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/09/2016
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 01/12/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 774 hours (Total, all aircraft), 194 hours (Total, this make and model), 705 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 185 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 72 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 46, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/10/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 33 hours (Total, all aircraft), 6 hours (Total, this make and model), 1 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 33 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CIRRUS
Registration: N68VY
Model/Series: SR20
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2017
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 2346
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3150 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 61.3 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C126 installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-390-C3B6
Registered Owner: N68VY LLC.
Rated Power: 215 hp
Operator: Nassau Flyers, Inc.
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None
Operator Does Business As: Nassau Flyers
Operator Designator Code: 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBLM, 159 ft msl
Observation Time: 2056 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 7 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 17°
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Temperature/Dew Point: 26°C / 18°C
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 5000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 11 knots, 150°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.79 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Lakewood, NJ (N12)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Lakewood, NJ (N12)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1530 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: LAKEWOOD (N12)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 41 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 24
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2987 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Go Around; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: On-Ground
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  40.065556, -74.179167 (est)


NTSB Identification: GAA17CA253
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Monday, May 01, 2017 in Lakewood, NJ
Aircraft: CIRRUS SR20, registration: N68VY
Injuries: 2 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators used data provided by various entities, including, but not limited to, the Federal Aviation Administration and/or the operator and did not travel in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft accident report.

The student pilot reported that, during crosswind landing conditions, the airplane landed hard and subsequently bounced. He added that, he initiated a go-around, then the flight instructor took the flight controls.

The flight instructor reported that, after the bounce, the airplane "began to roll to the left in a manner similar to that of an uncoordinated stall". He added that, he attempted to regain control of the airplane, but was unsuccessful. The airplane rolled right and the right wing impacted the ground. 

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings.

The flight instructor reported that there were no preimpact mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airframe or engine that would have precluded normal operation.

A review of recorded data from the automated weather observation station, located about 7 miles north of the airport, reported that about 1 minute before the accident the wind was from 150° at 11 knots. The airplane landed on runway 24.

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