Friday, December 22, 2017

Cessna 172N Skyhawk, N3379E, Skylark Flight Training LLC: Accident occurred October 08, 2016 at Ocean Springs Airport (5R2), Jackson County, Mississippi

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Jackson, Mississippi

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Skylark Flight Training LLC: http://registry.faa.gov/N3379E


Location: Ocean Springs, MS
Accident Number: GAA17CA012
Date & Time: 10/08/2016, 1300 CDT
Registration: N3379E
Aircraft: CESSNA 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

The pilot reported that during landing the airplane "was pushed violently and unexpectedly to the right". She further reported that she immediately tried to correct with rudder, aileron and power inputs simultaneously. The airplane continued to drift farther to the right of the centerline and contacted several trees along the edge of the airport before the airplane landed nose first onto the runway.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings and the fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no pre impact mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airframe or engine that would have precluded normal operation.

The pilot reported that the wind at the accident airport was 020 degrees true and 12 nautical miles per hours (knots), and that she was landing on runway 36. The nearest weather reporting station, 9 miles to the northwest, reported wind 360 degrees true and 15 knots. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain airplane control while landing in windy conditions.

Findings

Aircraft

Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Wind - Ability to respond/compensate (Cause)
Wind - Effect on operation (Cause)
Tree(s) - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight


Landing

Other weather encounter
Loss of control in flight (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)
Abnormal runway contact
Nose over/nose down 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 37, Female
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/18/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/08/2016
Flight Time: (Estimated) , 83 hours (Total, this make and model) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information


Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N3379E
Model/Series: 172 N
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1978
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 17271525
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/09/2016, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5293.8 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91  installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-320 H2AD
Registered Owner: SKYLARK FLIGHT TRAINING LLC
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan


Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBIX, 33 ft msl
Observation Time: 1758 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 9 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 281°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 30°C / 18°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility: 10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 15 knots, 360°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.97 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: MURFREESBORO, TN (MBT)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: OCEAN SPRINGS, MS (5R2)
Type of Clearance: VFR Flight Following
Departure Time: 0945 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Airport Information


Airport: OCEAN SPRINGS (5R2)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 20 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 36
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3500 ft / 50 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 30.390000, -88.753611 (est)
  
NTSB Identification: GAA17CA012
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Saturday, October 08, 2016 in Ocean Springs, MS
Aircraft: CESSNA 172, registration: N3379E
Injuries: 2 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators used data provided by various entities, including, but not limited to, the Federal Aviation Administration and/or the operator and did not travel in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft accident report.

The pilot reported that during landing the airplane "was pushed violently and unexpectedly to the right". She further reported that she immediately tried to correct with rudder, aileron and power inputs simultaneously. The airplane continued to drift farther to the right of the centerline and contacted several trees along the edge of the airport before the airplane landed nose first onto the runway.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings and the fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no pre impact mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airframe or engine that would have precluded normal operation.

The pilot reported that the wind at the accident airport was 020 degrees true and 12 nautical miles per hours (knots), and that she was landing on runway 36. The nearest weather reporting station, 9 miles to the northwest, reported wind 360 degrees true and 15 knots.

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