Sunday, November 26, 2017

Piper PA-28R-201T Cherokee Arrow III, N533MC, Metroplex Flight Services LLC: Accident occurred November 30, 2014 at Addison Airport (KADS), Dallas County, Texas

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Irving, Texas 

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Metroplex Flight Services LLC:  http://registry.faa.gov/N533MC

Location: Addison, TX
Accident Number: CEN15LA062
Date & Time: 11/30/2014, 1740 CST
Registration: N533MC
Aircraft: PIPER PA 28R-201T
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 4 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis

The private pilot reported that, just before touchdown while conducting a personal flight, the airplane encountered a wind gust that pushed it sideways toward the grass adjacent to the runway. The airplane subsequently landed hard, which resulted in substantial damage to the wings and fuselage. The weather conditions reported at the airport included wind from 50 degrees left of the runway heading at 9 knots gusting to 19 knots. The pilot reported no abnormalities with the flight control system. Based on the available information, it is likely that the pilot failed to maintain airplane control while landing with a gusting crosswind.

The pilot reported that, during the cruise portion of the flight, smoke entered the cockpit from behind the instrument panel. He said that opening the vent window cleared the smoke in the cockpit and that his vision was not obstructed during the landing. Examination of the instrument panel revealed that three of the four screws that secure the right rear rocker panel cover were missing and that oil was leaking onto the engine's exhaust.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during landing with a gusting crosswind, which resulted in a hard landing adjacent to the runway.

Findings

Aircraft

Performance/control parameters - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Instrument panel    - Not specified
Oil - Not specified

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Gusts - Effect on operation (Cause)
Crosswind - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

On November 30, 2014, about 1740 central standard time, a Piper PA-28R-201T, N533MC, was damaged during a hard landing at the Addison Airport, near Dallas, Texas. The pilot and his three passengers were not injured. The airplane incurred damage to the wings and fuselage. The aircraft was registered to Metroplex Flight Services, LLC. and operated by the pilot under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight, which was not on a flight plan. The flight originated from the Eppley Airfield, Omaha, Nebraska about 1700.
The pilot reported that during landing, a gust of wind encountered just prior to touchdown pushed the airplane sideways into the grass adjacent to the 100- foot wide runway. The airplane subsequently landed hard and received substantial damage to the wing and fuselage. The weather conditions reported at the accident airport included wind from 50 degrees left of runway heading at 9 knots gusting to 19 knots. The pilot reported no abnormalities with regard to the flight control system of the airplane. The pilot reported that during the cruise portion of the flight, smoke was entering the cockpit from behind the instrument panel. He reported that he opened the vent window and the smoke cleared and that there was no obstruction to vision during the landing. Examination of the airplane after the accident revealed that three of the four screws attaching the valve cover on the right rear cylinder were missing. Evidence of oil leaking from the valve cover onto the exhaust was evident.

History of Flight

Landing
Loss of control in flight (Defining event)
Runway excursion 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 37
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/03/2014
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 
Flight Time: 130 hours (Total, all aircraft), 9 hours (Total, this make and model)
  
Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: PIPER
Registration: N533MC
Model/Series: PA 28R-201T 201T
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1977
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28R-7703183
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2912 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: 
Engine Model/Series: TSIO-360 SER
Registered Owner: METROPLEX FLIGHT SERVICES LLC
Rated Power: 0 hp
Operator: Private
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: ADS, 645 ft msl
Observation Time: 2248 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 6500 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 25°C / 13°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  13 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 9 knots/ 19 knots, 200°
Visibility (RVR): 
Altimeter Setting: 29.96 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV): 
Precipitation and Obscuration:  No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Omaha, NE (OMA)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Addison, TX (ADS)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1700 CST
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: ADDISON (ADS)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 644 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 15
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 7203 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 3 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None
Latitude, Longitude:  32.968611, -96.836389

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