Sunday, November 26, 2017

Cessna 172M Skyhawk, N12915, Micronesian Aviation Systems Inc: Accident occurred November 24, 2014 at Saipan International Airport (PGSN), Obyan, Guam

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office;  Honolulu, Hawaii 

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Micronesian Aviation Systems Inc:  http://registry.faa.gov/N12915

Location: Obyan, GU
Accident Number: WPR15CA069
Date & Time: 11/24/2014, 0817 LCL
Registration: N12915
Aircraft: CESSNA 172M
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

Analysis

The student pilot was flying the first leg of a solo cross-country flight. The departure was uneventful, and she requested a stop-and-go landing with air traffic controllers as she approached the first destination. She received the clearance and began to initiate the descent while extending the flaps. During the landing flare the airplane encountered a gust of wind, and she applied forward elevator pressure. The nosewheel struck the ground hard and she attempted to perform a go-around, but the airplane departed to the right of the runway and came to rest in a grass area. The nose gear was bent aft during the initial ground strike, and the airplane sustained substantial damage to the firewall and forward fuselage. The pilot reported no preimpact mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airframe or engine that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's loss of airplane control during the landing flare in gusting wind conditions.

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Gusts - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown
Loss of control in flight (Defining event)
Abnormal runway contact

Landing-landing roll
Runway excursion 

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 45
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/11/2014
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 11/24/2014
Flight Time: 76 hours (Total, all aircraft), 12 hours (Total, this make and model), 38 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 19 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N12915
Model/Series: 172M
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1973
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17262368
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/21/2014, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2299 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 11 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 11212 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320 SERIES
Registered Owner: MICRONESIAN AVIATION SYSTEMS INC
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operator: MICRONESIAN AVIATION SYSTEMS INC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PGSN, 211 ft msl
Observation Time: 0754 LCL
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 1800 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 27°C / 25°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 14 knots, 100°
Visibility (RVR): 
Altimeter Setting: 29.92 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV): 
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Precipitation
Departure Point: AGANA, GU (GUM)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Obyan, GU (GSN)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 0645 LCL
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: FRANCISCO C. ADA/SAIPAN INTL (GSN)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 211 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Wet
Runway Used: 07
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 8700 ft / 200 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Stop and Go

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  15.120278, 145.730000 (est)

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