Tuesday, October 10, 2017

Mooney M20C Ranger, N7884V: Accident occurred October 07, 2017 near Hummel Field Airport (W75), Topping, Middlesex County, Virginia

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Richmond, Virginia

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


http://registry.faa.gov/N7884V 


Analysis 

According to the pilot, he began the takeoff roll from a runway intersection and pitched the airplane's nose up for maximum climb to avoid trees; however, he stated, "I over-rotated and entered a power-on stall." He attempted to correct by lowering the nose, but the airplane rolled to the left and entered the trees before impacting a house.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings and the fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's exceedance of the airplane's critical angle of attack during takeoff, which resulted in a departure stall.

Findings

Aircraft
Angle of attack - Capability exceeded (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Tree(s) - Contributed to outcome
Residence/building - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff
Aerodynamic stall/spin (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery

Uncontrolled descent

Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)


Location: Topping, VA
Accident Number: GAA18CA004
Date & Time: 10/07/2017, 0851 EDT
Registration: N7884V
Aircraft: MOONEY M20
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin
Injuries: 2 Minor, 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

According to the pilot, he began the takeoff roll from a runway intersection and pitched the nose of the airplane up for maximum climb to avoid trees, however, "I over-rotated and entered a power-on stall."

He attempted to correct by lowering the nose, but the airplane rolled to the left and entered the trees before impacting a house.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings and the fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor
Age: 40, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/09/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/17/2017
Flight Time: (Estimated) 1819 hours (Total, all aircraft), 29 hours (Total, this make and model), 1431 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 29 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 29 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)



Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: MOONEY
Registration: N7884V
Model/Series: M20 C
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1964
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 2846
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/22/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2575 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3950 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-360 SER
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 



Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KFYJ, 24 ft msl
Observation Time: 1235 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 14 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 254°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 20°C / 19°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.13 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV): 
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Topping, VA (W75)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Groton, CT (GON)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0845 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G



Airport Information

Airport: HUMMEL FIELD (W75)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 30 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 01
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2167 ft / 45 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor, 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  37.588056, -76.474444 (est) Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Richmond, Virginia

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


http://registry.faa.gov/N7884V 

National Transportation Safety Board - Aviation Accident Factual Report 

Location: Topping, VA
Accident Number: GAA18CA004
Date & Time: 10/07/2017, 0851 EDT
Registration: N7884V
Aircraft: MOONEY M20
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin
Injuries: 2 Minor, 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

According to the pilot, he began the takeoff roll from a runway intersection and pitched the nose of the airplane up for maximum climb to avoid trees, however, "I over-rotated and entered a power-on stall."

He attempted to correct by lowering the nose, but the airplane rolled to the left and entered the trees before impacting a house.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings and the fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor
Age: 40, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/09/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/17/2017
Flight Time: (Estimated) 1819 hours (Total, all aircraft), 29 hours (Total, this make and model), 1431 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 29 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 29 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: MOONEY
Registration: N7884V
Model/Series: M20 C
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1964
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 2846
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/22/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2575 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3950 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-360 SER
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KFYJ, 24 ft msl
Observation Time: 1235 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 14 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 254°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 20°C / 19°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.13 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV): 
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Topping, VA (W75)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Groton, CT (GON)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0845 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: HUMMEL FIELD (W75)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 30 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 01
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2167 ft / 45 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor, 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  37.588056, -76.474444 (est)







So many things went wrong on Saturday, October 7, when a plane crashed into a home near the end of Hummel Airfield runway at Topping that it took at least two “miracles” to fend off a more tragic ending.

One “miracle” was that the three people inside the Mooney M2DC four-seat plane survived the crash, and the other “miracle” was that no one was in the house when the plane hit in the 400 block of Eubank Landing Road.

The Virginia State Police (VSP) were informed at about 9:02 a.m. that the plane had crashed into an unoccupied dwelling in Middlesex. By that time, rescue efforts were already in the works. A neighbor, Greg Rhule, was on the scene 10 minutes after the plane hit the tops of two tall trees, clipping off portions of the wings, and crashed into the house’s sunroom. A piece of wing remained wedged in one of the trees, evidence of how close the plane came to having an even more serious crash.

Rhule said Greg Weik was not the first on the scene but was the first person to enter the house and help. “There was a smell of aviation gasoline and since the plane had just been filled with gas at Hummel Field it had 40 gallons aboard,” said Rhule.

“The plane tore through the wall of the house exposing broken electrical wires,” he said. “The fuel tanks are in the wings and were leaking fuel. There was the possibility of a fire.

“Greg went in, moved debris and removed the couple and their child from the plane,” said Rhule. “I would like to think that is what I would have done but you never know until it happens. Greg acted with bravery any way you look at it.”

The owners of the damaged house were interviewed on Sunday at their summer home and preferred their names not be used. They have owned the house for eight years and are there regularly during warm weather months enjoying it.

The pilot, Keith M. Roxo, his wife and their infant child were taken to Bon Secours Rappahannock General Hospital in Kilmarnock for treatment of non-life threatening injuries. Mr. Roxo was treated for lacerations to his face and he and his family were released from the hospital.

Middlesex Sheriff David Bushey said Roxo told him the family was flying from Florida, spent the night at the Pilot House Inn, and they had just fueled up at Hummel to continue on their flight to Connecticut.

According to VSP Trooper J.W. Krom, who investigated the plane crash, a witness reported the pilot did not use the entire runway when attempting to take off. Instead, Roxo came off the taxiway and turned north to begin his takeoff. Trooper Krom said Hummel’s runway is about 2,200 feet long, but the point from which the pilot started his takeoff had only 1,200 feet of runway remaining. He said the plane did not attain enough speed to climb and “stalled,” meaning the plane was not going fast enough to produce lift.

“They were very lucky,” said Trooper Krom.

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) also investigated the crash.

The Hartfield Volunteer Fire Department, Middlesex County Volunteer Rescue Squad and Virginia Department of Emergency Management officials also responded to the crash. 


Original article can be found here ➤  http://www.ssentinel.com







MIDDLESEX, VA (WWBT) - Three people survived a plane crash after in Middlesex after a small plane careened into a home.

Middlesex County Sheriff David Bushey said the single-engine plane took off from Hummel Field Airport just before 9 a.m. The pilot lost control, flew between two trees, and crashed into the home.

The sheriff says there were two adults and a juvenile in the plane. They were rushed to Rappahannock General Hospital and were released.

No one was home at the time of the crash because the owner of the home does not live in the area.

The plane's tail number is registered as a 1964, single-engine plane out of Pensacola, Fla. The group was making their way up the East Coast. The plane will be removed on Sunday.

State police are leading the investigation, but the Hartfield Volunteer Fire Department and the Middlesex County Sheriff's Office also responded.

Original article can be found here ➤ http://www.nbc12.com







One person died in small plane crash in the Shenandoah Valley Saturday and three others survived in another crash that sent a small plane into home in Middlesex County.

State Police spokeswoman Corinne Geller said in a statement that the private aircraft crashed around 1:40 p.m. Saturday in Warren County. It went down near the Front Royal airport and caught fire.

Geller says the FAA and NTSB have been notified, and the crash remains under investigation.

The person killed was not immediately identified, and no further details were released.

Just before 9 a.m. Saturday, a single-engine plane took off from an airport in Topping, about an hour east of Richmond, according to Middlesex County Sheriff David Bushey.

Two adults and a juvenile were on board.

The pilot lost control, flew between two trees, and crashed into the home in Middlesex County.

No one was home at the time of the crash. A photo of the scene showed extensive damage.

Bushey said the people on board the plane were taken to a hospital and have since been released.

Original article can be found here ➤ http://www.richmond.com

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