Tuesday, September 5, 2017

Cessna 182P Skylane, N6849M: Accident occurred September 04, 2017 at Woodfield Airpark Inc (MU27), Lockwood, Dade County, Missouri

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Location: Lockwood, MO
Accident Number: GAA17CA525
Date & Time: 09/04/2017, 1000 CDT
Registration: N6849M
Aircraft: CESSNA 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

The pilot reported that the airplane touched down on the first third of the wet, grass runway at 80 mph with 10° of flaps extended. He added that, about two-thirds of the way down the runway, the airplane "hit a bump and became airborne." As the airplane touched down for the second time, he felt as though he was running out of room and applied the brakes. Subsequently, the end of the runway was approaching fast, and he attempted to turn the airplane, but it continued to slide off the runway because "the brakes were locked."

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the firewall.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's unstabilized approach and failure to go around, which resulted in a runway overrun on a wet, grass runway. 

Findings

Aircraft 

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)
Decision making/judgment - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Wet surface - Ability to respond/compensate

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Runway excursion
Nose over/nose down 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 68, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point 
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification:  Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/02/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 09/12/2016
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 2251 hours (Total, all aircraft), 727 hours (Total, this make and model), 2130 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 15 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N6849M
Model/Series: 182 P
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1975
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18263860
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  09/27/2016, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2950 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3895 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470-S
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 230 hp
Operator:
On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Dawn
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSGF, 1270 ft msl
Observation Time: 1452 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 29 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 118°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 27°C / 21°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 12 knots, 230°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: LAMAR, MO (LLU)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Lockwood, MO (MU27)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0930 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Airport Information

Airport: WOODFIELD AIRPARK INC (MU27)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 1050 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Rough; Wet
Runway Used: E
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2600 ft / 120 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 37.468056, -93.930278 (est)

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Kansas City, Missouri

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N6849M

NTSB Identification: GAA17CA525
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Monday, September 04, 2017 in Lockwood, MO
Aircraft: CESSNA 182, registration: N6849M
Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators used data provided by various entities, including, but not limited to, the Federal Aviation Administration and/or the operator and did not travel in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft accident report.

The pilot reported that, the airplane touched down on the first 1/3 of the wet grass runway, at 80 mph with 10° of flaps extended. He added, that about 2/3 of the way down the runway the airplane "hit a bump and became airborne again." As the airplane touched down for the second time, he felt as though he was running out of room and applied the brakes. Subsequently, the end of the runway was approaching fast and he attempted to turn the airplane, but continued to slide off the runway, "as the brakes were locked."

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the firewall.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

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