Sunday, September 27, 2015

Cessna 550 Citation II, N622PG: Accident occurred September 27, 2015 at Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport (KSRQ), Florida

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Tampa, Florida

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Sarasota, FL
Accident Number: ERA15LA380
Date & Time: 09/27/2015, 1906 EDT
Registration: N622PG
Aircraft: CESSNA 550
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion
Injuries: 2 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

On September 27, 2015, about 1906 eastern daylight time, a privately owned and operated Cessna 550, N622PG, was substantially damaged during a runway excursion after landing at the Sarasota Bradenton International Airport (SRQ), Sarasota, Florida. The airline transport pilot and the passenger sustained minor injuries. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and an instrument flight rules flight plan was filed for the personal flight, which was conducted under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. The flight departed Boca Raton Airport (BCT), Boca Raton, Florida, about 1827.

The owner of the airplane stated he had been receiving flight instruction from the pilot, and in return he offered to let the pilot borrow the airplane.

The pilot stated that, at the conclusion of the flight, he approached the destination airport and calculated that the landing distance required was "between 2,010 and 2,100 feet." After an uneventful flare, the airplane touched down on runway 22 "shortly after" the runway numbers. After touchdown, the pilot immediately deployed the speed brakes, brakes, and thrust reversers. The pilot said the airplane had slowed to 60 knots at the intersection of runway 14-32, about 3,000 ft from the threshold of runway 22, so he put the thrust reversers in idle reverse. He had considered exiting at taxiway A, which was about 400 feet past the intersection of the two runways but felt it would have required maximum braking. The pilot said he then amended his plan and decided to exit the runway onto taxiway D at the departure end of runway 22, about 2,000 feet beyond the runway intersection. He stated during this time, between taxiway A and D, he held his feet off the brakes, estimating the airplane speed was 20-23 knots. He retracted the flaps, speed brakes, and the thrust reversers. He reported that, as the airplane approached taxiway D, he applied brakes and commented to the passenger, "we have no brakes." He pumped the brakes, then redeployed the speed brakes and thrust reversers and applied the emergency brake.

Air traffic controllers in the SRQ tower stated that the airplane touched down in "the vicinity of the aiming point," and that after touchdown they "noticed that they might be a bit fast." The accident sequence was captured by surveillance cameras and a review of the video showed the airplane touched down approximately abeam the B1 taxiway, 1,700 feet beyond the approach end of the runway, and that the thrust reversers were not deployed during the recorded portion of the landing roll.

Runway 04/22 at SQR was 5,009 ft long and 150 ft wide; runway 14/32 at SQR was 9,500 ft long and 150 ft wide. Taxiway B was 1,700 feet from the threshold of runway 22, taxiway A was 3,400 feet from the threshold of runway 22. Taxiway A was about 1,600 ft from taxiway D and the departure end of the runway.

Postaccident examination of the airplane by a Federal Aviation Administration inspector and an airframe and powerplant mechanic revealed a puncture in the pressure vessel aft of the nose landing gear and damage to the bulkhead belly stringers. Functional testing of the brakes showed that they were operational and did not reveal evidence any pre- or post-impact mechanical anomalies. According to photographs and diagrams prepared by airport management, skid marks that aligned directly with the airplane's tire tracks in the grass began 1,130 feet prior to the departure end of the runway, just past taxiway A.

The pilot held an airline transport pilot certificate with type ratings for Cessna CE-500 and CE-525 airplanes. His most recent FAA second-class medical certificate was issued on March 18, 2015. Review of flight experience documents provided by the pilot's attorney revealed that the pilot reported 4075 hours of flight experience, of which 1,713 were in turbine-powered airplanes.

The 7-seat, low-wing airplane was manufactured in 1978, was powered by two Pratt and Whitney JT15D-4 turbofan engines, and was certified as a two-pilot airplane. Its most recent Phase 1-5 inspections were completed May 29, 2015 at 9,212.9 total aircraft hours. The airplane accrued 52.6 hours since that date.

At 1853, the weather reported at SRQ included few clouds at 2,220 and 3,100 feet, calm wind, and 10 miles visibility. The temperature was 27°C, the dewpoint was 25°C, and the altimeter setting was 29.89 inches of mercury.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial; Private
Age: 53, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/18/2015
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/28/2015
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 4072 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1500 hours (Total, this make and model), 3968 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N622PG
Model/Series: 550
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1978
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 550-0037
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 7
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/29/2015, Continuous Airworthiness
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection: 9212 Hours
Engines: 2 Turbo Fan
Airframe Total Time:  as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: P&W CANADA
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: JT15D-4
Rated Power: 0 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: SRQ, 23 ft msl
Observation Time: 2253 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 323°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 2200 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 27°C / 25°C
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.89 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: BOCA RATON, FL (BCT)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Sarasota, FL (SRQ)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 1827 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class C

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 29 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 22
IFR Approach: RNAV
Runway Length/Width: 5009 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor
Latitude, Longitude:  27.395556, -82.554444 (est)

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