Friday, July 08, 2022

Loss of Control on Ground: Super Bear CSH-1, N371M; accident occurred April 05, 2022 at Indiana County Airport (KIDI), Pennsylvania

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Indiana, Pennsylvania

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Indiana, Pennsylvania 
Accident Number: ERA22LA210
Date and Time: April 5, 2022, 11:00 Local
Registration: N371M
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot was landing the tailwheel-equipped airplane in light crosswind conditions. He reported that after a three-point landing the airplane began to ground loop to the right. He applied left rudder to correct; however, the airplane ground looped to the right and exited the runway. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing and empennage. The pilot reported no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures of the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's loss of directional control while landing, which resulted in a ground loop.


Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained
Environmental issues Crosswind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Landing-landing roll Attempted remediation/recovery
Landing-landing roll Other weather encounter

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 40, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: May 7, 2020
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: August 30, 2020
Flight Time: 271 hours (Total, all aircraft), 5 hours (Total, this make and model), 121 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 48 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 15 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Passenger Information

Age: Male
Airplane Rating(s): 
Seat Occupied: Rear
Other Aircraft Rating(s): 
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): 
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: 
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Registration: N371M
Model/Series: SUPER BEAR CSH-1 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1993
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental (Special)
Serial Number: 001
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 3
Date/Type of Last Inspection: March 15, 2022 Condition
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2200 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: HIO-360
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 205 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: IDI, 1405 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 11:15 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 77°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: / 12 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 29.94 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 14°C / 3°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Lehighton, PA (22N)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Indiana, PA 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 08:30 Local
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: Indiana County Airport IDI 
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1419 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 11
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5502 ft / 100 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 40.631903,-79.106132 (est)

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