Tuesday, July 12, 2022

Landing Area Overshoot: Cessna T210N Turbo Centurion, N5276C; accident occurred February 10, 2022 at Cherry Ridge Airport (N30), Honesdale, Wayne County, Pennsylvania



















Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Allentown, Pennsylvania

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:
https://data.ntsb.gov/Docket

Ani Holding & Equipment Co Inc


Location: Honesdale, Pennsylvania 
Accident Number: ERA22LA127
Date and Time: February 10, 2022, 14:30 UTC 
Registration: N5276C
Aircraft: Cessna T210N
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing area overshoot
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal

Analysis

The pilot stated he crossed over the destination airport, entered a left downwind for landing on runway 36, and extended the landing gear and “approach flaps.” He said he extended his flaps “further” on the base leg and flew a “stabilized” approach at 80 knots in “swirling…strong and gusty” winds. The pilot estimated touchdown was about 1,000 ft beyond the threshold of the 3,000-ft runway, and that braking action would not stop the airplane. The airplane continued off the departure end and down an embankment which resulted in substantial damage to the right wing. He added that perhaps the wind may have “shifted to a tailwind” which pushed the airplane.

A review of commercially available track data and video surveillance revealed that the airplane crossed the landing threshold at 108 knots groundspeed and floated approximately 2/3rds the length of the landing runway before it touched down at 71 knots groundspeed with about 1,000 ft. of paved surface remaining.

The pilot reported the airplane had no pre-impact mechanical anomalies that would have prevented normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s failure to attain the proper touchdown point, which resulted in a runway overrun and collision with terrain.

Findings

Aircraft Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Personnel issues Decision making/judgment - Pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Landing area overshoot (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline transport 
Age: 83, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: BasicMed With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: November 26, 2021
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 7526 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1500 hours (Total, this make and model), 4.8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N5276C
Model/Series: T210N 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1979
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility 
Serial Number: 21063726
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: December 8, 2021 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 4000 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 4.8 Hrs
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4052.9 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: TSIO-520-R
Registered Owner:
Rated Power: 310 Horsepower
Operator:
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: MPO,1916 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 23 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 13:53 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 194°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 4600 ft AGL 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 7000 ft AGL 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 12 knots / 26 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 250° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 29.77 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 4°C / -5°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Fairfield, NJ (CDW) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Honesdale, PA 
Type of Clearance: VFR;VFR flight following
Departure Time: 13:30 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: CHERRY RIDGE N30
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1357 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 36 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2986 ft / 50 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor 
Latitude, Longitude: 41.515592,-75.25156 (est)

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