Saturday, February 12, 2022

Runway Excursion: Cessna T207, N684S: Accident occurred February 07, 2022 - Crane Island, San Juan County, Washington








Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Seattle, Washington

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://data.ntsb.gov/Docket

Operator Does Business As: San Juan Airlines

Second Wind Aviation Corporation 


Location: Crane Island, Washington
Accident Number: WPR22LA092
Date and Time: February 7, 2022, 15:50 Local 
Registration: N684S
Aircraft: Cessna T207 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion 
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Positioning

Analysis

The pilot of the airplane reported that, while landing on a private grass 1500 ft. runway, the airplane landed “slightly long and fast.” During the landing roll, flaps were immediately raised, and brakes were applied, however the braking was ineffective on the wet grass. The safety pilot called for a go-around. The pilot was concerned there was insufficient room to accelerate and elected to decelerate instead of attempting a go-around. The airplane exited the departure end of the runway, impacted terrain, and came to rest upright. The airplane’s lower fuselage was substantially damaged.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s failure to obtain a proper touch down location on a wet grass runway, resulting in a runway overrun and impact with terrain. 

Findings

Personnel issues Decision making/judgment - Pilot
Aircraft Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained
Environmental issues Wet surface - Effect on equipment

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Miscellaneous/other
Landing Runway excursion (Defining event)

Pilot Information
Certificate: Airline transport; Commercial; Flight instructor
Age: 59, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Single-engine sea; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane; Helicopter 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane multi-engine; Airplane single-engine
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 1 With waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: March 15, 2021
Occupational Pilot: UNK
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: November 17, 2021
Flight Time: 9524 hours (Total, all aircraft), 49 hours (Total, this make and model), 7792 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 61 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 14 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Flight instructor Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 36,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane single-engine
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 1 With waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: April 5, 2021
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: November 10, 2021
Flight Time: 4305 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1608 hours (Total, this make and model), 4124 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 55 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 11 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N684S
Model/Series: T207
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1969
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 20700147
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle 
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: December 21, 2021 Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3800 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 19093 Hrs at time of accident 
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C126 installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-520F
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 300 Horsepower
Operator: 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Commuter air carrier (135)
Operator Does Business As: San Juan Airlines
Operator Designator Code:

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KFHR,112 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 5 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 15:35 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 197°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.43 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 11°C / 4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Bellingham, WA (KBLI) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Company VFR
Destination: Crane Island, WA (PVT)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 15:15 Local
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Crane Island PVT
Runway Surface Type:
Airport Elevation: 100 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Wet
Runway Used:
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 48.597697,-122.99781



Location: Crane Island, Washington
Accident Number: WPR22LA092
Date and Time: February 7, 2022, 15:50 Local
Registration: N684S
Aircraft: Cessna T207
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Business

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N684S
Model/Series: T207 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built:
Operator:
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Commuter air carrier (135), On-demand air taxi (135)
Operator Designator Code:

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site:
Condition of Light:
Observation Facility, Elevation:
Observation Time:
Distance from Accident Site: 
Temperature/Dew Point:
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: / ,
Lowest Ceiling: 
Visibility:
Altimeter Setting: 
Type of Flight Plan Filed:
Departure Point:
Destination:

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 48.597697,-122.99781 

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