Thursday, November 25, 2021

Birdstrike: Cessna 152, N5233P; accident occurred September 09, 2021 at Olive Branch Airport (KOLV), De Soto County, Mississippi

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Jackson, Mississippi

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Aero Quest LLC

Location: Olive Branch, Mississippi
Accident Number: CEN21LA417
Date and Time: September 9, 2021, 16:30 Local
Registration: N5233P
Aircraft: Cessna 152 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Birdstrike
Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional


The flight instructor reported that while on final approach to land, the airplane impacted a large red-tail hawk which entered the cabin through the windshield, resulting in minor injuries to the student. The flight instructor landed the airplane without further incident. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the windshield.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The airplane’s impact with a bird while on approach.


Environmental issues Animal(s)/bird(s) - Effect on equipment
Environmental issues Animal(s)/bird(s) - Ability to respond/compensate

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach Birdstrike (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial; Flight instructor 
Age: 23, Female
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present:
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane multi-engine; Airplane single-engine; Instrument airplane
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 1 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: June 28, 2021
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: November 4, 2020
Flight Time: 1351 hours (Total, all aircraft), 750 hours (Total, this make and model), 1255 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 250 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 100 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Student pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 17, Female
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: Lap only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present:
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: None 
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 0 hours (Total, all aircraft), 0 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N5233P
Model/Series: 152
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1981
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 15284898
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: August 9, 2021 100 hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1670 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 89.7 Hrs
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 13635.8 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-235-L2C
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 110
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KOLV,402 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 15:50 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 90°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots / 14 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 360°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 30 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 29°C / 10°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Olive Branch, MS (KOLV) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Olive Branch, MS 
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 15:30 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class D

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 34.979,-89.7888 (est)