Saturday, August 07, 2021

Loss of Control in Flight: Beech A36 Bonanza, N312LC; accident occurred August 06, 2020 at Kyle-Oakley Field Airport (KCEY), Murray, Kentucky

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Louisville, Kentucky

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

BenAir LLC

Location: Murray, Kentucky
Accident Number: ERA20CA283
Date & Time: August 6, 2020, 08:15 Local
Registration: N312LC
Aircraft: Beech 36 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional


The flight instructor and private pilot were practicing a steep spiral that would terminate with a power-off landing. The instructor stated that the pilot had added "quite a bit" of elevator noseup trim to maintain best glide speed during the spiral maneuver. Right before touchdown, the pilot sensed the airplane had a normal than higher descent rate and increased engine power. When power was added, the airplane’s nose pitched up and the airplane rolled “violently” to the left. The airplane’s left wing struck the runway, substantially damaging it. The flight instructor then assumed control of the airplane and reduced the engine power to idle as it departed the left side of the runway. The pilot subsequently taxied the airplane to the ramp uneventfully. Both pilots reported there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures of the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s failure to maintain control of the airplane during the simulated power off landing, and the flight instructor's delayed remedial action, which resulted in a loss of control and the airplane’s left wing striking the ground.


Aircraft Landing flare - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Student/instructed pilot
Personnel issues Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown Loss of control in flight (Defining event)
Landing-flare/touchdown Abnormal runway contact
Landing-flare/touchdown Runway excursion

Flight instructor Information

Certificate: Commercial; Flight instructor 
Age: 64,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane multi-engine; Airplane single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: January 16, 2020
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: November 1, 2019
Flight Time: 3337 hours (Total, all aircraft), 29.1 hours (Total, this make and model), 3234 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 42.2 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 15 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1.1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 32,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: July 17, 2019
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: May 22, 2020
Flight Time: 488 hours (Total, all aircraft), 250 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Beech 
Registration: N312LC
Model/Series: 36 A36
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2004
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: E-3560
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle 
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: October 11, 2019 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3651 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 968 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: IO-550-B
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 300 Horsepower
Operator: On file 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: CEY,577 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 08:35 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 350° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.1 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 20°C / 17°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Murray, KY (CEY)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Murray, KY (CEY)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 07:00 Local
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: Kyle-Oakley Field CEY
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 577 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 23
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6202 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Simulated forced landing

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 36.664443,-88.372779 (est)

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