Sunday, March 21, 2021

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 195B Businessliner, N195PC; accident occurred March 29, 2019 at Ormond Beach Municipal Airport (KOMN), Volusia County, Florida

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Ormond Beach, FL
Accident Number: GAA19CA198
Date & Time: 03/29/2019, 1035 EDT
Registration: N195PC
Aircraft: Cessna 195
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 


The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, as the airplane touched down, it veered right. He tried to correct with full aft stick and full right aileron and left brake, but the airplane continued to yaw right and then exited the right side of the runway, and the left main landing gear collapsed.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing and fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no preimpact mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during landing, which resulted in a runway excursion and the nose landing gear collapsing.


Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Landing-flare/touchdown Attempted remediation/recovery
Landing-flare/touchdown Landing gear collapse

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial; Flight Engineer
Age: 78, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/24/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/25/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 31706 hours (Total, all aircraft), 565 hours (Total, this make and model), 19468 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 11 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N195PC
Model/Series: 195 B
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1954
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 16140
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 5
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 04/23/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3350 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3103.5 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Jacobs
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: 755B2 
Registered Owner: Cardinal 19Pc Llc
Rated Power: 275 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KOMN, 29 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1347 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 171°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  7 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR): 
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 20°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.22 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 19°C / 19°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Jacksonville, FL (CRG)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Ormond Beach, FL (OMN)
Type of Clearance: VFR Flight Following
Departure Time: 0930 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: Ormond Beach Muni (OMN)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 27 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 35
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3704 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 29.301111, -81.113889 (est)


  1. This gorgeous airplane is back in the air after this 2019 mishap. The airplane flew as recently as 3/14/21.

  2. The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
    The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during landing, which resulted in a runway excursion and the nose landing gear collapsing.

    Should anyone tell the NTSB that a C195 does not have a nose wheel?


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