Wednesday, March 03, 2021

Cessna 172N, N172SX: Incidents occurred April 10, 2021 and March 02, 2021; Accident occurred November 20, 2017

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Diego, California 

April 10, 2021:  Aircraft hit an approach light while landing at McClellan-Palomar Airport (KCRQ), Carlsbad, California.

Personal Aviation Inc

Date: 10-APR-21
Time: 18:55:00Z
Regis#: N172SX
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Diego, California

March 02, 2021: Aircraft veered off the runway and incurred a propeller strike at Montgomery Field Airport (KMYF), San Diego, California.

Personal Aviation Inc

Date: 02-MAR-21
Time: 21:30:00Z
Regis#: N172SX
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: MINOR
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91

Aviation Accident Final Report 
- National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Diego, California

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: San Diego, California
Accident Number: GAA18CA063
Date & Time: November 20, 2017, 11:30 Local
Registration: N172SX
Aircraft: Cessna 172N 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Birdstrike 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal
The pilot reported that, about 2 miles from his destination, he made a left turn to enter the downwind leg for landing when a bird came "out of the sun." The pilot made a hard right turn to avoid the bird and prevent it from coming through the windscreen. The bird subsequently collided with the leading edge of the left wing. The pilot continued to his intended destination without further incident.
Postaccident examination revealed substantial damage to the left wing.
The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.
Probable Cause and Findings
The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
An in-flight collision with a bird. 

Environmental issues Animal(s)/bird(s) - Effect on operation
Environmental issues Glare - Effect on personnel

Factual Information
History of Flight
Approach Birdstrike (Defining event)
Pilot Information
Certificate: Private 
Age: 21, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: January 13, 2015
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: November 17, 2016 Flight Time: (Estimated) 174.1 hours (Total, all aircraft), 44.2 hours (Total, this make and model), 131.3
hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 20.3 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)
Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information
Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N172SX
Model/Series: 172N N 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1979 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17273641
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: Unknown 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2299 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: Engine
Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: O-320 SERIES
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 160 Horsepower
Operating Certificate(s) Held:None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan
Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMYF, 417 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 19:53 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 114°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  / None
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.02 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 26°C / 1°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: CORONA, CA (AJO)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: SAN DIEGO, CA (MYF) 
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 10:45 Local
Type of Airspace: Class C
Airport Information
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 427 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 28R IFR
Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4577 ft / 150 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Traffic pattern
Wreckage and Impact Information
Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 32.817222,-117.142219(est)

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