Sunday, February 21, 2021

Runway Excursion: Cessna 140, N2207N; accident occurred August 18, 2020 at Olustee Municipal Airport (F09), Jackson County, Oklahoma

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Lubbock, Texas

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Olustee, OK
Accident Number: CEN20CA350
Date & Time: 08/18/2020, 1000 CDT
Registration: N2207N
Aircraft: Cessna 140
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


The pilot and one passenger had just landed on the runway and come to a full stop. The pilot then attempted a takeoff from the 2,000 ft runway, with only about 1,000 ft remaining. During the takeoff roll and near the end of the runway, the pilot felt the wind suddenly shift from the left rear. He attempted to get the airplane airborne before the runway ended but was unsuccessful. The pilot was unable to stop the airplane as it continued off the end of the runway and into a fence. The airplane nosed over into a field and sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and empennage. The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions with the airplane and that he should have utilized the entire runway for the takeoff.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's decision to attempt a takeoff from the middle of the runway in shifting wind conditions, which resulted in an aborted takeoff and runway excursion.


Personnel issues Decision making/judgment - Pilot
Environmental issues Sudden wind shift - Decision related to condition
Environmental issues Sudden wind shift - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff Other weather encounter
Takeoff-rejected takeoff Runway excursion (Defining event)
Takeoff-rejected takeoff Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)
Takeoff-rejected takeoff Nose over/nose down

Pilot Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 39, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane; Helicopter
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Helicopter; Instrument Airplane; Instrument Helicopter
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/02/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 2947 hours (Total, all aircraft), 45 hours (Total, this make and model), 2130 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 106 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 42 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N2207N
Model/Series: 140 Undesignated
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1947
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 12443
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 07/25/2020, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1450 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3942.71 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental Motors
ELT: C91A installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-200A
Registered Owner: Keith's Aviation Training LLC
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KAXS, 1433 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 12 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0955 CDT
Direction from Accident Site: 24°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 70°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 30.18 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 30°C / 17°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point:Olustee, OK (F09)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Olustee, OK (F09)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1000 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Olustee Muni (F09)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1346 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 35
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2000 ft / 50 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 34.520556, -99.433889 (est)

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