Tuesday, February 02, 2021

Hard Landing: Cessna 172M Skyhawk, N92356; accident occurred June 8, 2020 at Lubbock Preston Smith International Airport (KLBB), Texas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Lubbock, Texas

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Hub City Aviation Academy LLC

Location: Lubbock, Texas 
Accident Number: WPR20CA209
Date & Time: June 8, 2020, 14:00 Local 
Registration: N92356
Aircraft: Cessna 172 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional


The solo student pilot reported that during landing, the airplane landed hard. The pilot subsequently taxied the airplane to the ramp without further incident. The forward fuselage, aft of the firewall was substantially damaged.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper approach and descent rate, which resulted in a hard landing.


Aircraft Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Student/instructed pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Hard landing (Defining event)

Student pilot Information

Certificate: Student 
Age: 22, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: September 23, 2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 78 hours (Total, all aircraft), 54 hours (Total, this make and model), 13 hours 
Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 51 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 24 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N92356
Model/Series: 172 M Aircraft 
Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1973
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 17261567
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: April 28, 2020 100 hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2299 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed
Engine Model/Series: O-320 ED2
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power:
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot school (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KLBB,3241 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 15:53 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 320°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 12 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 200° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.76 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 35°C / 14°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Lubbock, TX (LBB)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Midland, TX (MAF) 
Type of Clearance: VFR flight following
Departure Time: 13:00 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class C

Airport Information

Airport: Lubbock Preston Smith Intl LBB
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 3282 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 17R
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 11500 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.668609,-101.819999(est)

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