Tuesday, February 02, 2021

Hard Landing: Bellanca 17-30, N6681V; accident occurred June 07, 2020 at Talihina Municipal Airport (6F1), Le Flore County, Oklahoma

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board 

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Talihina, Oklahoma
Accident Number: CEN20CA226
Date & Time: June 7, 2020, 13:35 Local 
Registration: N6681V
Aircraft: Bellanca 17 30 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


After an uneventful local flight in the single-engine airplane, the pilot entered the landing pattern at his destination airport and the windsock indicated an almost perpendicular crosswind of about 10 knots. On final approach, after clearing a tree line, the pilot reduced engine power to land. As engine power and airspeed were reduced, the airplane's rate of descent suddenly increased. The pilot attempted to slow the rate of descent, but the airplane impacted the runway hard and bounced. The airplane exited the runway and impacted a berm. The nose landing gear collapsed, resulting in substantial damage to the front lower part of the fuselage and firewall. The pilot stated that, due to the crosswind and the trees at the end and side of the runway, he should have adjusted his landing point further down the runway to avoid possible wind anomalies.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain control of the airplane during a crosswind landing, which resulted in a hard landing and runway excursion.


Aircraft Descent rate - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Environmental issues Crosswind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown Loss of control in flight
Landing Hard landing (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private 
Age: 63,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: Lap only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: March 5, 2010
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: March 16, 2019
Flight Time: 306 hours (Total, all aircraft), 41 hours (Total, this make and model), 208 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 11 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 9 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Bellanca
Registration: N6681V
Model/Series: 17 30 Undesignated
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1967
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 30019
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: October 10, 2019
Annual Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3000 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1774 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C126 installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-520-D
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 300 Horsepower
Operator: On file 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: RKR,664 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 20 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 13:15 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 10°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 6 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 110° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.86 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 32°C / 20°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Wichita Falls, TX (F14)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Talihina, TX (6F1) 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 13:00 Local
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: Talihina Municipal Airport 6F1 
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 687 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 19 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3300 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 34.707778,-95.07389

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