Friday, December 04, 2020

Collision During Landing: Cessna 182P Skylane, N52458; Accident occurred December 05, 2019 at Grove Field (1W1), Camas, Clark County, Washington

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Hillsboro, Oregon 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Camas, Washington 
Accident Number: WPR20CA041
Date & Time: December 5, 2019, 13:04 Local 
Registration: N52458
Aircraft: Cessna 182 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Collision during takeoff/land
Injuries: 4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional


The flight instructor reported that, with the student pilot on the controls for the landing, the airplane floated and eventually touched down about "the first third of the runway." The airplane bounced, and the instructor announced that he was assuming control of the airplane. The instructor simultaneously attempted to apply full throttle by pushing the student's hand, which was still on the throttle and prevented him from achieving full power as he attempted to gain altitude without stalling the airplane. The airplane subsequently struck a fence near the departure end of the runway, so the instructor reduced power and executed a forced landing to an open field. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left horizontal stabilizer. The instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation and that he should have assumed control of the airplane sooner.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a bounced landing, and the flight instructor's delayed remedial action and the student's failure to relinquish control, which resulted in a runway overrun and impact with a fence. 


Aircraft Landing flare 
Not attained/maintained

Personnel issues Aircraft control
Student/instructed pilot

Personnel issues Delayed action 
Instructor/check pilot

Environmental issues Fence/fence post
Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Abnormal runway contact

Attempted remediation/recovery

Landing-aborted after touchdown
Runway excursion 

Landing-aborted after touchdown 
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Landing-aborted after touchdown
Collision during takeoff/land (Defining event)

Off-field or emergency landing

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial; Flight instructor
Age: 29,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter 
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane; Helicopter
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane single-engine; Helicopter; Instrument helicopter
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: February 4, 2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 1020 hours (Total, all aircraft), 4 hours (Total, this make and model)

Student pilot Information

Certificate: Student Age: 22, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: July 15, 2015
Occupational Pilot: UNK
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 49 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N52458
Model/Series: 182 P
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1973 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 18262623
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2348 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
Engine Model/Series: O-470 SERIES
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power:
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: 
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time: 
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: / Turbulence Type
Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 
Temperature/Dew Point:
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Vancouver, WA (VUO)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Camas, WA (1W1) 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 12:45 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Grove Field 1W1
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 429 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 25 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2710 ft / 40 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 45.628334,-122.39833(est)

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