Sunday, November 29, 2020

Cessna A188B AGWagon/AGTruck, N90834: Accident occurred July 31, 2020 in Memphis, Scotland County, Missouri

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; St. Louis, Missouri 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Wood's Flying Service LLC

Location: Memphis, Missouri 
Accident Number: CEN20CA320
Date & Time: July 31, 2020, 07:05 Local
Registration: N90834
Aircraft: Cessna A188
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Miscellaneous/other 
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 137: Agricultural


The pilot reported that he had just started flying this airplane five days before the accident as a contract pilot. Over the past four days, the operator had the airplane on the "ready pad" with all of the tie-downs and gust locks already removed. On the day of the accident, the airplane was tied down with all of the gust locks still installed. Prior to takeoff, the pilot completed a preflight inspection but did not remove the rudder gust lock. During the takeoff roll, the pilot had to use the brakes to keep the airplane centered on the runway, which made for a much longer takeoff roll. The airplane dragged in the 10 ft high corn off the end of the runway and lost lift, so the pilot made a forced landing in a field. During the landing roll the airplane collided with a tree and sustained substantial damage to the fuselage, both wings, and empennage. The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions with the airplane. He stated that he should have completed a more thorough preflight inspection.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot did not remove the rudder gust lock during the preflight inspection, which resulted in a forced landing and collision with a tree.


Personnel issues Preflight inspection - Pilot
Aircraft Directional control - Attain/maintain not possible

Factual Information

History of Flight

Initial climb Loss of control in flight
Initial climb Collision during takeoff/land
Initial climb Miscellaneous/other (Defining event)
Initial climb Off-field or emergency landing

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial 
Age: 59,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land
Seat Occupied: Single
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: June 22, 2020
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: November 11, 2018
Flight Time: 2153 hours (Total, all aircraft), 153 hours (Total, this make and model), 2153 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 211 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 159 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 13 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N90834
Model/Series: A188 B
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1979 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Restricted (Special)
Serial Number: 18803322T
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 1
Date/Type of Last Inspection: April 15, 2020 Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1531.5 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental Motors
ELT: Not installed 
Engine Model/Series: IO-520-D
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 300 Horsepower
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Agricultural aircraft (137)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KIRK,965 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 24 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 10:55 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 223°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 10 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 40° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 29.97 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 25°C / 17°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Memphis, MO
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Memphis, MO 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 07:03 Local
Type of Airspace: Class G


Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry;Vegetation
Runway Used: 18 IFR
Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3600 ft / 200 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Forced landing

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor 
Latitude, Longitude: 40.396945,-92.181663(est)


    SEPTEMBER 09, 2015

    NTSB: No preflight checks by Katz crew in 98 percent of flights
    'Plain and simple, [this is] a case of pilots intentionally disregarding procedures,' NTSB member Robert Sumwalt said.


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