Sunday, November 29, 2020

Loss of Control in Flight: Bellanca 7GCBC, N86614; accident occurred July 24, 2020 at Tri-State Steuben County Airport (KANQ), Angola, Indiana

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Grand Rapids, Michigan

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:


Location: Angola, Indiana 
Accident Number: CEN20CA310
Date & Time: July 24, 2020, 20:10 Local 
Registration: N86614
Aircraft: Champion 7GCBC
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal 


The pilot reported that while performing a low-level pass parallel to the runway in the airplane, he allowed himself to become distracted. The airplane started drifting to the right and he found himself, "fighting the controls not realizing I cross controlled the control surfaces." The pilot felt a sink develop and applied full power with right rudder, but the right wing "unloaded." The pilot attempted to recover; however, he reported the airplane was too low and slow, an aerodynamic stall occurred, and the airplane impacted a grass field. The airplane, which was not equipped with a stall warning system nor was it required to be, sustained substantial damage to the right wing and the fuselage. The pilot reported there were no preimpact mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airframe and engine that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain control of the airplane during a low-level pass, resulting in the airplane exceeding its critical angle of attack that caused an aerodynamic stall and subsequent impact with terrain. Contributing to the accident was the pilot's distraction during the low-level pass.


Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Aircraft Angle of attack - Capability exceeded
Personnel issues Attention - Pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Maneuvering-low-alt flying Low altitude operation/event
Maneuvering-low-alt flying Miscellaneous/other
Maneuvering-low-alt flying Loss of control in flight (Defining event)
Maneuvering-low-alt flying Attempted remediation/recovery
Maneuvering-low-alt flying Aerodynamic stall/spin

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private 
Age: 57,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: August 1, 2019
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: June 24, 2018
Flight Time: (Estimated) 93 hours (Total, all aircraft), 15 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Champion 
Registration: N86614
Model/Series: 7GCBC No Series 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1974 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 644-74
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: September 12, 2019 Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1650 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2022 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming Engines
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-A2B
Registered Owner:
Rated Power: 150 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KOEB,959 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 18 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 23:55 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 5°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: / Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.09 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 28°C / 20°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Angola, IN (ANQ) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Angola, IN (ANQ)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 19:45 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Tri-State Steuben County ANQ
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt;Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 995 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 05
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4540 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Forced landing;Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.636665,-85.086112(est

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