Wednesday, August 05, 2020

Runway Excursion: Piper PA-28-235, N33JM; accident occurred July 28, 2020 at Goose Creek Airport (28A), Indian Trail, Union County, North Carolina

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board 

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Charlotte, North Carolina

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Kingdom Air Corps

Location: Indian Trail, North Carolina
Accident Number: ERA20CA267
Date & Time: July 28, 2020, 20:00 Local
Registration: N33JM
Aircraft: Piper PA28 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


As the pilot approached 2,350-ft-long runway for landing at the destination airport, he flew the airplane higher than normal to avoid trees. The pilot noted that during the final approach the airplane’s speed was also higher than normal, and that the airplane touched down near the mid-point of the runway. The pilot attempted to stop the airplane on the remaining runway, but the airplane overran the departure end before it struck dense vegetation and a ditch. The airplane’s wings and the forward portion of the fuselage were substantially damaged. The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures of the airplane that would have precluded normal operation prior to the accident.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to attain the proper landing approach speed and touchdown point, which resulted in a runway overrun.


Aircraft Airspeed - Not attained/maintained
Aircraft Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll Runway excursion (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial; Flight instructor; Private
Age: 38, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: Lap only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane multi-engine; Airplane single-engine; Instrument airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: January 31, 2018
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: January 10, 2019
Flight Time: 320 hours (Total, all aircraft), 65 hours (Total, this make and model), 216 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 14.5 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 14.5 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N33JM
Model/Series: PA28 235
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1964
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28-10305
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: November 14, 2019 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2900 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2826.6 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
Engine Model/Series: O-540-B205
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power:
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: EQY,679 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 7 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 19:53 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 196°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 180° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 29.93 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 30°C / 24°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Monroe, NC (EQY)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Indian Trail, NC (28A) 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time:
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: Goose Creek 28A 
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 565 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 04
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2350 ft / 35 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop;Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial Passenger
Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 35.123611,-80.583335

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