Thursday, August 20, 2020

Piper PA-12 Super Cruiser, N92544: Incident occurred August 18, 2020 and Accident occurred March 19, 2017

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Fairbanks, Alaska

August 18, 2020: Aircraft on takeoff struck a tree.

Date: 18-AUG-20

Time: 04:00:00Z
Regis#: N92544
Aircraft Make: PIPER
Aircraft Model: PA12
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: TAKEOFF (TOF)
Operation: 91

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Anchorage, Alaska

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Palmer, AK
Accident Number: GAA17CA193
Date & Time: 03/19/2017, 1320 ADT
Registration: N92544
Aircraft: PIPER PA 12
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, during takeoff, he added full power, applied right rudder, and "pushed [the] stick forward to lift [the] tail off the ground." He added that the tail came back onto the ground and that the airplane veered to the right. He further added that he overcorrected to the left and that the airplane ground looped; subsequently, the right main landing gear collapsed, and the right wing and elevator impacted the ground.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing and elevator.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airframe or engine that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during takeoff, which resulted in a ground loop.


Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)
Incorrect action performance - Pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Landing gear collapse

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 53, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s):None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present:No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/03/2015
Occupational Pilot:No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:02/16/2012
Flight Time: (Estimated) 600 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2 hours (Total, this make and model), 500 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 30 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 10 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: PIPER
Registration: N92544
Model/Series: PA 12 NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1946
Amateur Built:No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 12-73
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/30/2016, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1750 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1873 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320 SERIES
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Certificate of Authorization or Waiver (COA)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PAAQ, 230 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2053 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 216°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 6000 ft agl
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 20000 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction: 170°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.74 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: -7°C / -14°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Palmer, AK (PAQ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: FAIRBANKS, AK (FAI)
Type of Clearance:None
Departure Time: 1320 ADT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 241 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 16
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6009 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 61.599444, -149.086667 (est)

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