Sunday, August 30, 2020

Aerodynamic Stall: Diamond DA20-C1, N98BZ; accident occurred August 31, 2019 at Covington Municipal Airport (M04), Newton County, Georgia

View of damage to the composite lower fuselage. 

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Memphis, Tennessee

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Covington, TN
Accident Number: GAA19CA527
Date & Time: 08/31/2019, 1800 CDT
Registration: N98BZ
Aircraft:Diamond DA20
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional


The flight instructor reported that he instructed his student to perform a soft-field takeoff. During the takeoff roll, the instructor had his hands on the flight controls while the student pilot released the yoke back pressure and the airplane began to climb, but the airplane's nose was too high. The flight instructor pushed forward on the control stick to correct the nose high attitude, "and the plane started to pull to the right." The flight instructor does not know whether the stall warning horn sounded, as the airplane flew over the right edge of the runway, but he does recall being on the flight controls when the airplane descended and impacted the grass safety area on the right side of the runway.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the lower fuselage composite structure.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper pitch attitude during the takeoff climb, and the flight instructor's delayed remedial action which resulted in an aerodynamic stall and ground impact.


Pitch control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Angle of attack - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)
Aircraft control - Instructor/check pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Loss of control in flight
Aerodynamic stall/spin (Defining event)

Uncontrolled descent
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor
Age: 24, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/13/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/24/2019
Flight Time: (Estimated) 281 hours (Total, all aircraft), 44 hours (Total, this make and model), 203 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 44 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 25 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 27, Female
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/31/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 38 hours (Total, all aircraft), 38 hours (Total, this make and model), 35 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 18 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Diamond
Registration: N98BZ
Model/Series: DA20 C1
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2016
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Utility
Serial Number: C0689
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 08/07/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1770 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 760.2 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-240-B
Registered Owner: Cti Aircraft Leasing Llc
Rated Power: 125 hp
Operator: Cti Aircraft Leasing Llc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)
Operator Does Business As: Flight School
Operator Designator Code: 1XPS

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KM04, 280 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1015 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 152°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 30.06 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 18°C / 17°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Covington, TN (M04)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Millington, TN (NQA)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1800 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Covington Muni (M04)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 280 ft
Runway Surface Condition:Dry
Runway Used: 19
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5004 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 35.583333, -89.587222 (est)

1 comment:

  1. A 38 hour student pilot making a 2 hour rookie student mistake and failing to control pitch on her own without instructor help. Something is not right there. And the 281 hour instructor himself is no highly experienced instructor to handle a student who is behind the learning curve.