Wednesday, July 08, 2020

Abnormal Runway Contact: Socata TB-10 Tobago, N106G; accident occurred July 05, 2020 at Braden Airpark (N43), Easton, Northampton County, Pennsylvania

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Allentown, Pennsylvania 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:
Accident Number: ERA20CA238
Date & Time: July 5, 2020, 17:12 Local 
Registration: N106G
Aircraft: Socata TB 10
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that during landing on short final approach, the airplane "sank early" and the main landing gear hit the runway lip between the grass and where the asphalt began. The airplane’s right wing was substantially damaged. The pilot reported that there were not mechanical malfunctions or failures of the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain a proper glide path, which resulted in landing short of the runway, the airplane’s landing gear contacting the runway lip, and substantial damage to the airplane’s right wing.


Aircraft Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Abnormal runway contact (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 71
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: October 29, 2018
Occupational Pilot: 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 1216 hours (Total, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Socata
Registration: N106G
Model/Series: TB 10 No Series 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1986
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 596
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 5
Date/Type of Last Inspection: March 1, 2020 Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2535 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2650 Hrs at time of accident 
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed 
Engine Model/Series: O&VO-360 SER
Registered Owner:
Rated Power: 180
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KABE,390 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 11 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 22:51 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 240°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 270° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 29.92 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 32°C / 13°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Elkton, MD (58M)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Easton, PA (N43)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 16:31 Local
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: Braden Airpark N43
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 396 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 36
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 1956 ft / 165 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 40.74139,-75.2425(est)

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