Wednesday, May 27, 2020

Hard Landing: Cessna 182K Skylane, N2462Q, accident occurred May 19, 2019 in Orangeburg, South Carolina

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; West Columbia, South Carolina 

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Location: Orangeburg, SC

Accident Number: GAA19CA296
Date & Time: 05/19/2019, 1115 EDT
Registration: N2462Q
Aircraft: Cessna 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 


The pilot reported that, while landing on a private grass airstrip with a crosswind from the left, he determined the airplane was floating too far down the airstrip and reduced the power. The airplane touched down and bounced, he added power, but the airplane bounced again and then landed on the nosewheel. He taxied to the hangar without further incident. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage aft of the nosewheel. The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. The pilot added that, during the landing roll, he observed the windsock, which indicated a wind shift from a left crosswind to a gusting tailwind. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a hard, bounced landing.


Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Hard landing (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 65, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/20/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/25/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 340 hours (Total, all aircraft), 250 hours (Total, this make and model), 281 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 17 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N2462Q
Model/Series: 182 K
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1966
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18257662
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/13/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2950 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4220 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470-R
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 230 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KOGB, 197 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 12 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1635 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 221°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 1600 ft agl
Visibility:  7 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 2900 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 190°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.94 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 27°C / 26°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Calhoun County, SC (PVT)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Calhoun County, SC (PVT)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 0830 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Private Field (Pvt)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 219 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: N/S
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2700 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 3 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries:N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.618333, -80.693889 (est)

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