Wednesday, May 27, 2020

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 172M Skyhawk, N64003; accident occurred May 23, 2019 at Stafford Regional Airport (KRMN), Fredericksburg, Virginia

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Washington, District of Columbia

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Stafford, VA
Accident Number: ERA19TA192
Date & Time: 05/23/2019, 1410 EDT
Registration: N64003
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries:1 None 
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On May 23, 2019, about 1410 eastern daylight time, a Cessna 172M, N64003, was substantially damaged while landing at Stafford Regional Airport (RMN), Stafford, Virginia. The private pilot was no injured. The personal flight was conducted under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and no flight plan was filed for the flight that departed Shannon Airport (EZF), Fredericksburg, Virginia, about 1315.

The pilot stated that during approach to runway 15, the automated weather observation system (AWOS) reported the wind from 220° (varying between 150° and 240°) at 9 knots, gusting to 14 knots. The pilot further stated that there was some crosswind, but it only required a minor crab during final approach. Shortly after touchdown, the airplane veered right, traveled off the right side of the runway and the nosegear struck a concrete slab. The airplane travelled another 10 feet before the nosegear collapsed and the airplane came to rest upright.

A witness stated that he departed RMN in his airplane about 3 to 5 minutes prior to the accident. At that time, the AWOS indicated a crosswind of less than 10 knots, slightly favoring runway 15. The witness further stated that during initial climb, between 50 and 150 feet above ground level, the airplane encountered a severe increase in crosswind that required large counter control input. The airplane also encountered strong downdrafts until climbing to a higher altitude.

Examination of the wreckage by a Federal Aviation Administration inspector revealed damage to the firewall, engine mount, and left wing. The inspector was able to confirm control continuity from the rudder to the rudder pedals. He did not observe any preimpact mechanical malfunctions, nor did the pilot report any.

The recorded wind at RMN, at 1415, was from 230° at 8 knots, gusting to 16 knots.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 53, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/09/2018
Occupational Pilot:No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:  
Flight Time: 251 hours (Total, all aircraft), 60 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N64003
Model/Series: 172 M
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built:No 
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17264951
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320 SERIES
Registered Owner: Shannon School Of Aeronautics Llc
Rated Power:
Operator: Shannon School Of Aeronautics Llc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: RMN, 211 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1415 EDT
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots / 16 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 230°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.1 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 31°C / 21°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Fredericksburg, VA (EZF)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Stafford, VA (RMN)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1315 EDT
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: Stafford Regional Airport (RMN)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 211 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 15
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5000 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 38.398056, -77.455556 (est)

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