Saturday, January 04, 2020

Hard Landing: Rans S-12, N3075E; accident occurred January 18, 2019 at Rockingham County/Shiloh Airport (KSIF), Stoneville, North Carolina

View of right, front fuselage damage.
Federal Aviation Administration

View of fuselage damage.
Federal Aviation Administration

View of left wing damage.
Federal Aviation Administration

View of wing damage.
Federal Aviation Administration

View of empennage damage.
Federal Aviation Administration

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Greensboro, North Carolina

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Reidsville, NC
Accident Number: GAA19CA105
Date & Time: 01/18/2019, 1100 EST
Registration: N3075E
Aircraft: Robert R. Reiland Rans
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 


The pilot of the light sport airplane reported that, during his third solo touch-and-go landing, the airplane "started rising" during the flare. He initiated a go-around and applied full power, but the airplane nosed forward and landed hard.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the wings, fuselage, and empennage.

The pilot reported that there were no preimpact mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper pitch control during a go-around, which resulted in a hard landing.


Pitch control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Hard landing (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery

Pilot Information

Certificate: Sport Pilot
Age: 67, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Sport Pilot Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 06/09/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 78.5 hours (Total, all aircraft), 6 hours (Total, this make and model), 51.15 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Robert R. Reiland
Registration: N3075E
Model/Series: Rans S-12
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1998
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental Light Sport
Serial Number: R0591076
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 10/07/2017, Condition
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1010 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 250 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Rotax
ELT: Not installed
Engine Model/Series: 582 / 99UL
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 65 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSIF, 693 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1620 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 158°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  7 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Light and Variable /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: Variable
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.14 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 7°C / 4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:  No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Reidsville, NC (SIF)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Reidsville, NC (SIF)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1030 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Rockingham County Nc Shiloh (SIF)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 693 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 31
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5200 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Go Around; Touch and Go; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 36.437222, -79.851111 (est)

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