Tuesday, September 10, 2019

Loss of Engine Power (Total): Piper PA-28-180, N6595J; accident occurred September 06, 2019 at Mid-Way Regional Airport (KJWY), Midlothian/Waxahachie, Ellis County, Texas

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Irving, Texas

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


https://registry.faa.gov/N6595J

Location: Midlothian, TX
Accident Number: CEN19LA304
Date & Time: 09/06/2019, 1145 CDT
Registration: N6595J
Aircraft: PIPER PA-28D-180
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of engine power (total)
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

On September 6, 2019, about 1145 central daylight time, a Piper PA-28D-180, N6595J, lost engine power after takeoff from Mid-Way Regional Airport (JWY), Midlothian/Waxahachie, Texas. The pilot made a forced landing back on the runway. The student pilot was not injured, but the airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings and the underside of the fuselage. The airplane was registered to and operated by a private individual under Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as an instructional flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the airport at the time of the accident, and no flight plan had been filed for the local flight.

According to the pilot's accident report, she took off on runway 18. About 400 ft above the ground the engine lost power. The pilot turned left towards the closest available field and set up for landing. As she flared for landing, the engine momentarily regained power. The airplane climbed about 100 ft which allowed the pilot to turn left, clear a tree line, and continue toward the runway on a westerly heading. The engine lost power again and the pilot glided the airplane to the airport at a right angle to the runway and touched down in the dirt and grass short of the east side of the runway. On touchdown, the nose gear separated, and the airplane slid across the runway, coming to a stop just outside of the runway lights.

According to a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspector, the pilot had just purchased fuel at a nearby airport and the fuel tanks were full. A National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigator responded to the scene. His examination revealed the throttle and mixture controls were still attached, and the engine was unremarkable. Fuel drained from the carburetor bowl and gascolator was light blue and contained no debris or water. The electric boost pump operated normally. The fuel supply line to the engine was removed and when the left tank was selected, fuel flowed normally. When the right tank was selected, only a small amount of fuel would flow. The right tank was the tank the pilot had selected for takeoff.

The FAA inspector was later queried as to the results of his examination. He found the fuel selector valve (Piper part number 491-947) was difficult to move. When it was moved, it would go past the right tank detent. This closed the valve to the right tank, causing a loss of fuel flow. Although the selector handle indicated the right tank had been selected, the valve was misaligned.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 48, Female
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/24/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  99 hours (Total, all aircraft), 53 hours (Total, this make and model), 14 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 22 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: PIPER
Registration: N6595J
Model/Series: PA-28D-180
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1968
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Utility
Serial Number: 28-4899
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/12/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 56 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4204 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-360-A4A
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: JWY, 727 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1155 MDT
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 240°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.1 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 35°C / 17°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Midlothian/Waxa, TX (JWY)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Midlothian/Waxa, TX (JWY)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1200 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Mid-Way Regional (JWY)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 727 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 18
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6500 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Forced Landing

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries:N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 32.463889, -96.920833 (est)

Location: Midlothian, TX
Accident Number: CEN19LA304
Date & Time: 09/06/2019, 1145 CDT
Registration: N6595J
Aircraft: PIPER PA-28D-180
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

On September 9, 2019, about 1145 central daylight time, a Piper PA-28D-180, N6595J, lost engine power after takeoff from Mid-Way Regional Airport (JWY), Midlothian/Waxahachie, Texas. The pilot made a forced landing back on the runway. The student pilot was not injured, but the airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings and the underside of the fuselage. The airplane was registered to and operated by a private individual under Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as an instructional flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the airport at the time of the accident, and no flight plan had been filed for the local flight.

According to the pilot's accident report, she took off on runway 18. About 400 ft, the engine lost power. She made a left turn towards the closest available field and set up for landing. As she flared for landing, the engine momentarily regained power and she climbed 100 ft, allowing her to make an immediate left turn, clear a tree line, and continue toward the runway on a westerly heading. The engine lost power again she glided to the airport at a right angle to the runway and touched down in the dirt and grass short of the east side of the runway. On touchdown, the nose gear separated, and the airplane slid across the runway and the airplane came to a stop just outside of the runway lights.

According to a Federal Aviation Administration inspector, the pilot had just purchased fuel at a nearby airport and the tanks were full. Examination by an NTSB investigator revealed the throttle and mixture controls were attached, and the engine was otherwise unremarkable. Fuel drained from the carburetor bowl and gascolator was light blue in color and contained no debris or water. The electric boost pump operated normally. The fuel supply line to the engine was removed and when the left tank was selected, fuel flowed normally. When the right tank was selected, only a small amount of fuel would flow. This was the tank the pilot had selected before takeoff.

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: PIPER
Registration: N6595J
Model/Series: PA-28D-180
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: No
Operator: Dale A. McCombs
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: JWY, 727 ft msl
Observation Time: 1155 MDT
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: 35°C / 17°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 7 knots / , 240°
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 30.1 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: Midlothian/Waxa, TX (JWY)
Destination: Midlothian/Waxa, TX (JWY) 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 32.463889, -96.920833 (est)

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