Saturday, August 24, 2019

Fire (Post-Impact): Beechcraft 200 Super King Air, N241CK; fatal accident occurred September 25, 2018 near Oscoda-Wurtsmith Airport (KOSC), Michigan



The National Transportation Safety Board traveled to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Grand Rapids, Michigan
Textron Aviation (Beech Aircraft); Wichita, Kansas

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N241CK  



Location: Oscoda, MI
Accident Number: CEN18FA387
Date & Time: 09/25/2018, 0613 EDT
Registration: N241CK
Aircraft: Beech 200
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Defining Event: Fire/smoke (post-impact)
Injuries: 1 Fatal
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Business

HISTORY OF FLIGHT

On September 25, 2018, at 0613 eastern daylight time, a Beech 200, N241CK, collided with trees and terrain while on an instrument approach to Oscoda-Wurtsmith Airport (OSC), Oscoda, Michigan. The airline transport pilot was fatally injured, and the airplane was destroyed by impact forces and a post-impact fire. The airplane was registered to Kalitta Equipment LLC, and was operated by Kalitta Charters as a Title14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91 positioning flight. Instrument meteorological conditions prevailed at the accident site at the time of the accident, and an instrument flight rules (IFR) flight plan was filed for the flight which originated from Willow Run Airport (YIP), Ypsilanti, Michigan, about 0513.

According to Kalitta personnel, the pilot was flying to OSC to pick up passengers and subsequently fly them to Memphis, Tennessee. The airplane departed YIP about 0513 and climbed to a cruise altitude of about 13,500 ft. The airplane en route airspeed was about 250 knots. At 0537, when the airplane was about 85 miles south of OSC, it began its initial descent. At 0548, the airplane was vectored to the right to intercept the final approach course and was cleared for the VOR runway 6 approach at OSC. The last radar return was at 0550 and indicated that the airplane was at an altitude of 2,200 ft and 8.1 miles from the runway threshold. It impacted terrain 4.6 miles past this point, about 3.5 miles from the runway threshold. According to the VOR runway 6 approach procedure, an altitude of 2,500 ft (or higher) is flown during the procedure turn. If the OSC altimeter setting is used, descent is made to 1,660 feet to Dogsy intersection, and then to 1,100 feet, the minimum descent altitude (MDA) to Au Sable (ASP) intersection.

When the airplane failed to arrive at the airport as scheduled, Kalitta officials notified the Federal Aviation Administration. The wreckage was subsequently located about 1030.

PERSONNEL INFORMATION

The 33-year-old pilot held an airline transport pilot certificate with an airplane multiengine land rating, type ratings in the Learjet, Dassault DA-20 Falcon, and Canadair 601 Challenger, and commercial privileges with an airplane single-engine land rating. He also held a flight instructor certificate with airplane single-engine, multiengine, and instrument ratings, and a ground instructor certificate with an instrument rating. His first-class FAA airman medical certificate, dated March 9, 2018, contained no restrictions or limitations. According to the operator, the pilot had logged 3,806 total hours of flight experience, of which 201 hours were in the Beech 200.

The pilot's most recent Part 135 proficiency check was satisfactorily completed on August 31, 2018, in the Dassault DA-20.

AIRCRAFT INFORMATION

The accident airplane, serial number BB272, was manufactured in 1977. It was powered by two Pratt and Whitney PT6A-41 turboprop engines (serial numbers PCE80581 left, and PCE80282 right), each rated at 850 shaft horsepower, driving two Hartzell 3-blade, all-metal, full feathering, constant speed propellers (model HC-B3TN-3G).

The airplane was maintained under an Approved Airworthiness Inspection Program (AAIP). The most recent inspection was performed on March 28, 2018, at an airframe time of 13,933.6 hours. At that time, the left engine had accrued 13,912.7 total hours and 7,742.2 hours since overhaul, and the right engine had accrued 12,802.5 total hours and 6,747.3 hours since overhaul.

METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION

The following weather observations were recorded by the Automated Weather Observing System (AWOS):

0555: Wind from 180° at 7 knots; 5 miles visibility in light rain; 400 ft overcast ceiling; temperature, 18°C; dew point, 18°C; altimeter setting of 29.91 inches of mercury.

0615: Wind from 200° at 6 knots; 4 miles visibility in drizzle; 400 ft overcast ceiling; temperature, 19°C; dew point, 19°C; altimeter setting of 29.91 inches of mercury.

0635: Wind from 200° at 7 knots; 4 miles visibility in heavy drizzle; ceiling, 400 ft overcast ceiling; temperature, 19°C; dew point, 19°C; altimeter setting of 29.92 inches of mercury.

WRECKAGE AND IMPACT INORMATION

Examination of the accident site revealed that the airplane had impacted the tops of trees, then descended at a 45° angle to the ground. A postimpact fire consumed the cockpit and cabin area. There were numerous propeller contact marks in the trees. Examination of the wreckage revealed no evidence of mechanical malfunctions or anomalies. Actuator positions indicated that the landing gear was extended, and approach flaps had been set. Fire and impact damage precluded examination of the cockpit instruments.

MEDICAL AND PATHOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Due to the condition of the remains, autopsy and toxicology protocols were not performed. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Commercial
Age: 33, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/09/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/31/2018
Flight Time:   3806 hours (Total, all aircraft), 201 hours (Total, this make and model), 2687 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 72 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 64 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Beech
Registration: N241CK
Model/Series: 200 Undesignated
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1977
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: BB272
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 9
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/28/2018, AAIP
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 12500 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Turbo Prop
Airframe Total Time: 13933.5 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Pratt & Whitney Canada
ELT: C91A installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: PT6A-41
Registered Owner: Kalitta Equipment LLC
Rated Power: 850 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: On-demand Air Taxi (135)
Operator Does Business As:
Operator Designator Code: KC8A

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Instrument Conditions
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: OSC, 633 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 6 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0635 EDT
Direction from Accident Site: 245°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  4 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 400 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 6 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None /
Wind Direction: 200°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 29.91 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 19°C / 19°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Ypsilanti, MI (YIP)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Oscoda, MI (OSC)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 0513 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: Oscoda-Wurtsmith Airport (KOSC)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 633 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Wet
Runway Used: 06
IFR Approach: RNAV; VOR/DME
Runway Length/Width: 11600 ft / 200 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Fatal
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: On-Ground
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Fatal
Latitude, Longitude: 44.416667, -83.485833

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