Saturday, August 24, 2019

Loss of Control in Flight: Beech 77 Skipper, N6699B; accident occurred February 28, 2018 at Odessa Airport-Schlemeyer Field (KODO), Ector County, Texas

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Lubbock, Texas

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N6699B

Location: Odessa, TX
Accident Number: CEN18LA114
Date & Time: 02/28/2018, 1815 CST
Registration: N6699B
Aircraft: BEECH 77
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On February 28, 2018, at 1815 central standard time, a Beech 77, N6699B, impacted terrain during initial climb at Odessa Airport-Schlemeyer Field (ODO), Odessa, Texas. The airplane sustained substantial damage, and the private pilot received minor injuries. The airplane was registered to an individual and operated by another individual under Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight that was not operating on a flight plan. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident. The local flight was to remain in the ODO traffic pattern and was originating at the time of the accident.

According the Federal Aviation Administration inspector from the Lubbock Flight Standards District Office, the airplane owner was not the registered owner of the airplane. The airplane owner allowed the pilot to fly the airplane hoping that the pilot would buy the airplane. The last annual inspection of the airplane was in 2016.

A National Transportation Safety Board Pilot/Operator Accident/Incident Report Form 6120 was not received from the airplane owner. A completed Form 6120 was received from the pilot.

The pilot stated that he and the airplane owner performed a preflight inspection of the airplane, which included checking the fuel and oil. The pilot said that once fuel was added, the airplane "checked out good." The pilot stated they "looked over" the Pilot's Operating Handbook (POH) for the airplane to "familiarize" himself with the airplane. He then started the airplane, and it ran "nice and smooth no issues on startup." He taxied the airplane to the fuel pumps to obtain fuel and then taxied to runway 29 (6,200 feet by 100 feet, asphalt) where he performed a run-up, and there were "no problems." He planned on departing from runway 29 and remain in the airport traffic pattern for touch-and-go landings. He said during the takeoff roll, the airplane accelerated to 49 knots about ½ down the runway. He rotated the nose of the airplane and lifted the airplane "gradually." He noticed that upon lift-off, the airplane's "acceleration and power started to disappear." He lowered the airplane nose to increase airspeed as the airplane approached the departure end of the runway and then raised the nose gradually, but the stall warning horn would sound; he aborted the climb. There was no useable runway remaining, and the airplane was approaching a densely populated area, so he executed a slight right bank turn to remain over the airport. The stall warning horn sounded, and the airplane "dropped from the sky."

The pilot stated that he was not sure of how the accident could have been prevented other than not flying at night or having aborted the takeoff earlier in the takeoff phase.

The pilot stated his total flight experience in the accident make and model of airplane was 0 hours.

Post-accident examination of the airplane revealed that the airplane wing flaps were in the fully retracted position. One of the two propeller blades had leading edge gouges and S-shaped bending. The second propeller blade had chordwise scratching/polishing, and the blade tip was curled inboard about 180° in the spanwise direction. The reduction of any engine power could not be determined.

According to the Beech 77 POH, the bottom of the airspeed indicator was 54 knots indicated airspeed (KIAS). The POH Takeoff checklist stated the takeoff rotation speed was 56 knots.

With an approximate airport elevation of 3,004 feet, an altimeter setting of 29.81 inches of mercury, an outside air temperature of 19°Celsius, the pressure altitude was 3,107 feet. ODO recorded wind about the time of the accident as 320°at 14 knots. The approximate headwind component with a departure from runway 29 was 12 knots. Under these conditions and with a maximum takeoff weight of 1,675 lbs., the POH TAKEOFF DISTANCE – HARD SURFACE chart showed an approximate takeoff distance ground roll and takeoff distance over a 50-foot obstacle as 900 feet and 1,350 feet, respectively.

The Airplane Flying Handbook (FAA-H-8083-3), Chapter 5, Takeoffs and Departure Climbs, Rejected Takeoff/Engine Failure, stated:

Prior to takeoff, the pilot should identify a point along the runway at which the airplane should be airborne. If that point is reached and the airplane is not airborne, immediate action should be taken to discontinue the takeoff. Properly planned and executed, the airplane can be stopped on the remaining runway without using extraordinary measures, such as excessive braking that may result in loss of directional control, airplane damage, and/or personal injury. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 25, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s):  None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/04/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 12/29/2016
Flight Time:  348 hours (Total, all aircraft), 0.1 hours (Total, this make and model), 308 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: BEECH
Registration: N6699B
Model/Series: 77
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1979
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Utility
Serial Number: WA-40
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/01/2016, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1680 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT:
Engine Model/Series: O-235
Registered Owner: Stephen Warren
Rated Power:
Operator: Russ Padgett
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: ODO, 3004 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1753 CST
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 10000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 14 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction: 320°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.81 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 19°C / 0°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Odessa, TX (ODO)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Odessa, TX (ODO)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1815 CST
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: Odessa Airport-Schlemeyer Fld (ODO)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 3004 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 29
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6200 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Precautionary Landing; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 31.920000, -102.390000 (est)

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

So the airplane was out of annual and it was decided it would be fine to just go fly it. After a 3000 ft takeoff roll, it had only achieved 49 kts, so it was decided to keep on rolling?