Wednesday, July 31, 2019

Abnormal Runway Contact: Cessna 177 Cardinal, N177CW; accident occurred July 30, 2019 at Placerville Airport (KPVF), El Dorado County, California

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Sacramento, California

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Placerville, CA
Accident Number: GAA19CA470
Date & Time: 07/30/2019, 1030 PDT
Registration: N177CW
Aircraft: Cessna 177
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that, while landing, the airplane bounced, and he chose to go around. He stated that he did not recall the airspeed after he applied full power and retracted the flaps to 10° during the initial climb. Subsequently, the airplane aerodynamically stalled and impacted terrain.

A witness at the airport reported that the airplane was operating under full power at a high angle of attack.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage, both wings, and the empennage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's exceedance of the airplane's critical angle of attack during a go-around, which resulted in an aerodynamic stall and impact with terrain.


Angle of attack - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Abnormal runway contact (Defining event)

Landing-aborted after touchdown
Attempted remediation/recovery

Initial climb
Aerodynamic stall/spin

Uncontrolled descent
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial; Private
Age: 71, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane; Helicopter
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/02/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 01/13/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 2852 hours (Total, all aircraft), 0.5 hours (Total, this make and model), 1476 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 6.9 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N177CW
Model/Series: 177 Undesignated
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 17700855
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2350 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer:
ELT: Installed
Engine Model/Series:
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power:
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KPVF, 2583 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1735 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 160°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 240°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.02 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 25°C / 7°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Placerville, CA (PVF)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Placerville, CA (PVF)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1015 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Placerville (PVF)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 2585 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 23
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3910 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Touch and Go; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 38.724167, -120.753333 (est)

An El Dorado County firefighter hoses down a Cessna 177 Cardinal that went down on a ridge off the landing strip at the Placerville Airport Tuesday afternoon. 

The pilot suffered minor injuries and was taken to Marshall Hospital for treatment, according to emergency responders on scene. 

Investigators are still working to determine the exact cause of the plane crash but said it is believed the pilot overshot the runway during landing and then tried to take off again abruptly. The plane is owned by Steven Bonak of Placerville, according to the Federal Aviation Administration's registry.

Source ➤

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