Wednesday, July 31, 2019

Fuel Contamination: Cessna 152, N47028, accident occurred July 25, 2019 near Wakefield Municipal Airport (KAKQ), Sussex County, Virginia

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Richmond, Virginia

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Wakefield, VA
Accident Number: ERA19TA235
Date & Time: 07/25/2019, 1140 EDT
Registration: N47028
Aircraft: Cessna 152
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fuel contamination
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On July 25, 2019, about 1140 eastern daylight time, a Cessna 152, N47028, was substantially damaged during a rejected takeoff at Wakefield Municipal Airport (AKQ), Wakefield, Virginia. The solo private pilot was not injured. The personal flight was conducted under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and no flight plan was filed for the local flight.

The pilot stated that prior to his first flight of the day from Norfolk International Airport (ORF), Norfolk, Virginia, he performed a preflight inspection of the airplane that included a check of each fuel tank, which were full. No water was detected in the left main fuel tank, but during sump testing of the right main fuel tank, he had to get seven samples from the tank before the sample was clear and no water was present. He also checked the fuel strainer and a belly drain, and there was no water in the sample from either.

The pilot flew from ORF to AKQ uneventfully with the intention to perform touch-and-go landings on runway 20, a 4,337-ft-long asphalt runway. During the takeoff phase of the first touch-and-go landing, about 25 feet above ground level, the engine sputtered. The pilot landed the airplane on the remaining portion of the runway, near the departure end. Realizing there was insufficient runway to stop, he turned the airplane left and it impacted a perimeter fence before coming to rest upright. The pilot added that there were no preimpact mechanical malfunctions with the airplane.

Examination of the airplane by a Federal Aviation Administration inspector revealed that the right wing and right horizontal stabilizer were damaged. During the examination, the inspector recovered fuel with water in it from three sources: the carburetor, the belly sump, and the firewall sump. The inspector also noted what appeared to be a gray putty substance around the right wing fuel cap gasket, which did not appear to be an approved repair. The inspector added that prior to the day of the accident, the airplane sat outside in rain.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 65, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:No 
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/06/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/28/2019
Flight Time:  235 hours (Total, all aircraft), 5 hours (Total, this make and model), 134 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N47028
Model/Series: 152
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1979
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Utility
Serial Number: 15283159
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 02/11/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1669 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 68 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 8685 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-235 SERIES
Registered Owner: Bishop's LTD
Rated Power: 115 hp
Operator: Norfolk Flying Club
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: AKQ, 111 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1154 EDT
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: Variable
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.13 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 28°C / 17°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Wakefield, VA (AKQ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Wakefield, VA (AKQ)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1140 EDT
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: Wakefield Municipal Airport (AKQ)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 111 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 20
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4337 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Touch and Go; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 36.981111, -77.003056

WAVERLY, Virginia -- A small plane made an emergency landing Thursday morning in Waverly.

The pilot of the Cessna 152 reported losing engine power just before noon and was forced to land on the side of Route 460 just outside the airport in Sussex County.

Story and video ➤

SUSSEX COUNTY, Virginia (WRIC) — The engine of a Cessna 152 lost power Thursday, forcing the pilot to make an emergency landing on the side of Route 460 in Wakefield, Virginia.

There were no injuries reported, according to Virginia State Police.

Story and video ➤

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