Monday, March 11, 2019

Fuel Exhaustion: Cessna 177RG, N52047; accident occurred March 09, 2019 near Kings Land O' Lakes Airport (KLNL), Vilas County, Wisconsin

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Land O' Lakes, WI
Accident Number: GAA19CA166
Date & Time: 03/09/2019, 1230 CDT
Registration: N52047
Aircraft: Cessna 177RG
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fuel exhaustion
Injuries: 2 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot reported that on a previous flight the airplane had been filled and flown for about 3.8 hours, he attempted to refuel the airplane but the self-service fuel station at the departure airport "failed to dispense fuel". The tanks were "checked visually" and after calculations, he determined that there would be enough fuel to make the flight. After departing, during cruise flight, about 1,800 ft above ground level, the "engine stopped." He set the "best glide speed" toward a nearby airport. As he approached the airport, it "became apparent that they would not make the airport." He then executed a 180ยบ turn and landed on a snow covered, frozen lake with the landing gear retracted.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing and fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 81, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/14/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 09/18/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 2720 hours (Total, all aircraft), 240 hours (Total, this make and model), 2720 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N52047
Model/Series: 177RG No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1977
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 177RG1153
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 07/05/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2800 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3658 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-A1B6D
Registered Owner: Richard A Andrews
Rated Power: 200 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KLNL, 1704 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 3 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1735 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 149°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 14 knots / 20 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 140°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.87 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 1°C / -5°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Ontonagon, MI (OGM)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Eagle River, WI (EGV)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1310 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Snow
Airport Elevation: 1705 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Snow
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: Forced Landing

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 46.189167, -89.250556 (est)

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