Sunday, March 03, 2019

Airplane Factory Sling, N288SL: Accident occurred October 25, 2018 at Carson City Airport (KCXP); incident occurred May 13, 2017 at Zamperini Field Airport (KTOA), California; incident occurred February 25, 2016 at Carson City Airport (KCXP), Nevada

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Reno, Nevada

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Carson City, NV
Accident Number: GAA19CA036
Date & Time: 10/25/2018, 1030 PDT
Registration: N288SL
Aircraft: Airplane Factory Sport Light
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional


The student pilot reported that, during his second solo flight, while performing a touch and go, the airplane landed "very" hard and bounced twice before he initiated a go around. During the subsequent base turn, he felt that the rudder pedals were not reacting to his commands and he "sensed" that he had damaged the nose landing gear. During the landing, immediately after the nose wheel touched down, the airplane veered right and exited the runway.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mount.

The student pilot reported that prior to the hard landing there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a hard landing. 


Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Hard landing (Defining event)
Loss of control on ground
Runway excursion

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 72, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Sport Pilot
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 49 hours (Total, all aircraft), 40 hours (Total, this make and model), 1 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 18 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 10 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Airplane Factory
Registration: N288SL
Model/Series: Sport Light
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2014
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Special Light-Sport
Serial Number: 176
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/01/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1320 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1672 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Rotax
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: 912 IS
Registered Owner: Topview Aviation Llc
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCXP, 4699 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1735 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 170°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  9 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.3 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 12°C / -6°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Carson City, NV (CXP)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Carson City, NV (CXP)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1030 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: CARSON (CXP)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 4704 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 27
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6101 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Precautionary Landing; Touch and Go; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 39.192778, -119.735278 (est)

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Long Beach, California

May 13, 2017:  Aircraft on landing, gear collapsed and struck the propeller.

Date: 13-MAY-17
Time: 00:30:00Z
Regis#: N288SL
Aircraft Model: SLING
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Reno, Nevada 

February 25, 2016:  During landing, aircraft went off the side of the runway.

Date: 25-FEB-16
Time: 21:30:00Z
Regis#: N288SL
Event Type: Accident
Highest Injury: None
Damage: Substantial
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
State: Nevada

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