Monday, February 11, 2019

Cessna 421B, N581CJ: Accident occurred February 10, 2019 at Lakeland Airport (KARV), Minocqua-Woodruff, Wisconsin and Incident occurred July 26, 2018 at Grand Geneva Resort Airport (C02), Lake Geneva, Walworth County, Wisconsin

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Woodruff, WI
Accident Number: GAA19CA143
Date & Time: 02/10/2019, 1400 CST
Registration: N581CJ
Aircraft: Cessna 421
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 


The pilot reported that, during the takeoff roll on a plowed, snow-covered runway, he could "feel the [airplane] pulling to the right" and corrected with opposite rudder, but the airplane slowly exited the runway to the right and impacted a snowbank.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both propellers and the right engine mount.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The airport's automated weather observation station reported that, about 5 minutes before the accident, the wind was from 110° at 5 knots, 1 1/4 statute miles visibility, overcast at 900 ft, temperature 18°F, dew point 12°F, and light snow. The airplane departed from runway 36.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain to directional control during takeoff from a snow-covered runway with a right, quartering tailwind, which resulted in a runway excursion and impact with a snowbank.


Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Snow/slush/ice covered surface - Effect on operation
Tailwind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Runway excursion
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 69, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/30/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 02/06/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 13881 hours (Total, all aircraft), 200 hours (Total, this make and model), 13000 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 124 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 40 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N581CJ
Model/Series: 421 B
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1972
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 421B0343
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 02/06/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 7250 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 9072.9 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: GTSI0-520-H5B
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 375 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Instrument Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KARV, 1630 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1955 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 244°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 900 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 110°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.27 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: -8°C / -11°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: Light - Snow
Departure Point: Woodruff, WI (ARV)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: St Louis, MO (1H0)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 1330 CST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1629 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Ice; Snow
Runway Used: 36
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5150 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None
Latitude, Longitude: 45.928056, -89.730833 (est)

July 26, 2018: While positioning to park right engine caught fire.

Date: 26-JUL-18
Time: 00:00:00Z
Regis#: N581CJ
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 421B
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Activity: UNKNOWN
Operation: 91

AIRCRAFT:   1972 CESSNA 421B N581CJ, s/n: 421B0343

Last Annual Inspection on 02/06/18 at ACTT 8880, Hobbs 1593.9. 

ACTT 9072.9 per NTSB Report. 

ENGINE(S): Continental GTSIO-520-H5B

Right: s/n: 267215-R, Last Annual Inspection on 02/06/18 at ETT 1792.2, TSOH 964.8

ETT 1987.7, TSOH 1160.3 per NTSB Report

Left:  s/n: s/n: 267219-R, Last Annual Inspection on 02/06/18 at ETT 1752.5, TSOH 925.1

ETT 1947.9, TSOH 1120.5 per NTSB Report

Right: McCauley 3AF37C516, s/n: 980578, Last Annual Inspection on 02/06/18 at PTSOH 558.8.  

Left:  McCauley 3AF34C92QR, s/n: 777156, Last Annual Inspection on 02/06/18 at PTSOH 1218.9


PS Engineering PMA 6000M - removed for safekeeping

Bendix King KY 196A - removed for safekeeping

Garmin GNS 530 - removed for safekeeping

Garmin GTX 330 - removed for safekeeping

Bendix King KT76A

Bendix King KNS80

DESCRIPTION OF ACCIDENT:  On take-off roll, N581CJ departed the runway and struck a snow bank on the right on takeoff from Woodruff, WI on 02/10/19 

LOCATION OF AIRCRAFT:  Wentworth Aircraft, Crystal, MN

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