Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 172S Skyhawk SP, N572ND; accident occurred February 15, 2019 at Orlando Sanford International Airport (KSFB), Orange County, Florida

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Location: Sanford, FL
Accident Number: GAA19CA137
Date & Time: 02/15/2019, 1800 EST
Registration: N572ND
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional


The solo student pilot reported that, during final approach to land, he realized that the airplane was too high and that he had not added "enough flare." The airplane landed nosewheel first during the touchdown and then started to porpoise. The student conducted a go-around, entered the traffic pattern, and landed without further incident.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage aft of the firewall.

The student reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

About the time of the accident, the wind was from 100° at 3 knots, and the pilot was landing the airplane on runway 27L.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure maintain the proper pitch attitude during landing, which resulted in the airplane porpoising.


Pitch control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Use of equip/system - Student pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Tailwind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Abnormal runway contact
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 25, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/21/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 58 hours (Total, all aircraft), 58 hours (Total, this make and model), 4 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 26 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 9 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N572ND
Model/Series: 172 S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2009
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 172S10940
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/30/2019, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2558 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 8677.8 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-C2A
Registered Owner: UND Aerospace Foundation
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: L3 Commercial Pilot Solution
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Dusk
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSFB, 55 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2353 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 274°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 100°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.94 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 19°C / 13°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Sanford, FL (SFB)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Sanford, FL (SFB)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1600 EST
Type of Airspace: Class C 

Airport Information

Airport: Orlando Sanford Intl (SFB)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 54 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 27L
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6647 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  Forced Landing; Full Stop; Go Around; Touch and Go; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  28.779444, -81.235833 (est)

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