Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Runway Excursion: Piper PA-24-260, N9184P, accident occurred February 12, 2019 at Slaton Municipal Airport (KF49), Lubbock County, Texas

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Lubbock, Texas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Location: Slaton, TX
Accident Number: GAA19CA140
Date & Time: 02/12/2019, 1515 CST
Registration: N9184P
Aircraft: Piper PA24
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 


The student pilot reported that, during landing, he became complacent and did not compensate for a right crosswind. The airplane exited the left side of the runway, crossed over the taxiway, and the right main landing gear collapsed. Subsequently, the right wing and the stabilator struck the ground.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing and the stabilator.

The student reported that there were no preimpact mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The student reported that the wind about the time of the accident was from 220° at 9 knots. The student landed the airplane on runway 18.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's complacency, which led to his improper crosswind correction and subsequent failure to maintain directional control during the landing roll, which resulted in a runway excursion and ground collision.


Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Crosswind correction - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)
Complacency - Student pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Crosswind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll
Other weather encounter
Runway excursion (Defining event)
Landing gear collapse
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 64, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/17/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 48 hours (Total, all aircraft), 48 hours (Total, this make and model), 7 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 17 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 14 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N9184P
Model/Series: PA24 260
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1967
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 24-4674
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 02/12/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3100 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 6132.51 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-540-D4A5
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 260 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: LBB, 2430 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 50 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1455 CST
Direction from Accident Site: 250°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 220°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 30.37 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 10°C / 7°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Plains, TX (F98)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Slaton, TX (F49)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1450 CST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Slaton Muni (F49)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 3126 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 18
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4244 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.485278, -101.661667 (est)

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