Wednesday, August 22, 2018

Velocity XL RG, N84KJ: Accident occurred December 04, 2016 at Petaluma Municipal Airport (O69), Sonoma County, California -and- Incident occurred July 23, 2016 at Grant Municipal Airport (KGGF), Perkins County, Nebraska

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Alameda, California

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: http://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


http://registry.faa.gov/N84KJ

Location: Petaluma, CA
Accident Number: WPR17LA032
Date & Time: 12/04/2016, 1525 PST
Registration: N84KJ
Aircraft: HOSKINS LONNIE F VELOCITY XL RG
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On December 4, 2016, about 1525 Pacific standard time, an experimental Velocity XL/RG airplane, N84KJ, was substantially damaged after it contacted the runway with the landing gear retracted at Petaluma Municipal Airport (O69), Petaluma, California. The private pilot sustained minor injuries. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed. The local flight originated from O69 at 1455.

The pilot reported that the purpose of the flight was to practice maneuvers required to obtain a commercial pilot certificate. Upon his return to O69, the pilot entered the downwind leg for runway 29, extended the landing gear, and prior to base leg, reduced the power to idle. He also observed a Cessna airplane on final. To keep an adequate separation between the two airplanes, the pilot announced that he would perform S turns. After he had executed two S turns, the pilot realized he was low and slow, so he retracted the landing gear to improve the glide distance. He initially intended to do a go-around, but decided to land after the Cessna exited the runway. As he attempted to extend his landing gear, he observed that the landing gear down position-indicator light did not illuminate. The pilot pushed the gear reset button and subsequently pulled back on the control stick, which resulted in an inadvertent stall 10 to 20 ft above the runway.

Postaccident examination of the airplane by a Federal Aviation Administration inspector revealed that the landing gear handle was in the UP position.

A witness observed the accident airplane on final approach, about one-third of the way down the runway with the landing gear retracted and at a low airspeed. He immediately started flashing lights in his vehicle to get the pilot's attention. The airplane touched down, bounced back into the air, settled on its belly and slid about 100 ft to a stop.

A mechanic who recovered the airplane reported that the landing gear handle was in the UP position, and that he overheard the pilot say that he was distracted on final approach. Maintenance personnel on scene noticed the gear was partially out of the well before they started to lift the aircraft during the recovery process.

In the section titled "RECOMMENDATION" in the NTSB Pilot/Operator Report, form 6120.1, the pilot stated that the decision to proceed with the landing proved to be inadequate and that he should have performed a go around instead.

The pilot completed necessary repairs on the airplane that included fiberglass repair to the belly and the landing gear system. The nose gear actuator and strut were replaced. The landing gear was then functionally tested and there were no malfunctions.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 66, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Gyroplane
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/09/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 02/19/2015
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 3500 hours (Total, all aircraft), 3500 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: HOSKINS LONNIE F
Registration: N84KJ
Model/Series: VELOCITY XL RG NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2006
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental
Serial Number: 051
Landing Gear Type: Retractable -
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/20/2016, Condition
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3000 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 500 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: CMI
ELT: Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-550
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 310
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KDVO, 2 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 6 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2255 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 141°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 350°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 30.12 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 18°C / 10°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Petaluma, CA (O69)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Petaluma, CA (O69)
Type of Clearance: None  
Departure Time: 1455 PST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: PETALUMA MUNI (O69)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 89 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 29
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3602 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  Simulated Forced Landing

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude:  38.232500, -122.633889 (est)

NTSB Identification: WPR17LA032
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Sunday, December 04, 2016 in Petaluma, CA
Aircraft: HOSKINS LONNIE F VELOCITY XL RG, registration: N84KJ
Injuries: 1 Serious.

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On December 4, 2016, about 1525 Pacific standard time, an experimental Velocity XL/RG, N84KJ, landed gear-up at Petaluma Municipal Airport (O69), Petaluma, California. The pilot, the sole occupant, sustained minor injuries; the airplane sustained substantial damage. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight, and no flight plan was filed. The local flight originated from O69 at 1455.

The pilot reported that during the landing sequence, he extended the landing gear; however, the airplane impacted the runway surface with the landing gear in the gear-up position. Postaccident examination of the airplane by a Federal Aviation Administration inspector revealed that the landing gear handle was in the "up" position.


Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Lincoln, Nebraska

July 23, 2016: Experimental Velocity XL RG landed gear up.

Date: 23-JUL-16

Time: 19:00:00Z
Regis#: N84KJ
Event Type: Incident
Highest Injury: None
Damage: Minor
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
City: GRANT
State: Nebraska

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