Wednesday, June 27, 2018

Piper PA-32-301T Saratoga, N11KX: Accident occurred December 28, 2017 at Black Hills Airport (KSPF), Spearfish, Lawrence County, South Dakota

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Rapid City, South Dakota

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Spearfish, SD
Accident Number: GAA18CA094
Date & Time: 12/28/2017, 1215 MST
Registration: N11KX
Aircraft: PIPER PA32
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Airport occurrence
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot reported that following an instrument approach in light snow, he inadvertently landed in the safety area to the left of the snow-covered runway. During landing, both wings collided with runway signage. The pilot taxied the airplane to parking.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 50, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/10/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/05/2016
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1586.8 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1503.4 hours (Total, this make and model), 1506 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 36.7 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 14.1 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: PIPER
Registration: N11KX
Model/Series: PA32 301T
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1981
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 32-8224004
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 10/28/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.:  3600 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Turbo Prop
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: TIO-540-S1AD
Registered Owner: STAMM AIR LLC.
Rated Power: 300 hp
Operator: STAMM AIR LLC.
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSPF, 3931 ft msl
Observation Time: 1815 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 116°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 1500 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: -10°C / -13°C
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 2500 ft agl
Visibility:  7 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 6 knots, 270°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.22 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: Light - Snow
Departure Point: McCook, NE (MCK)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Spearfish, SD (SPF)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 1015 CST
Type of Airspace: Class E 

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 3933 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Snow
Runway Used: 13
IFR Approach: RNAV
Runway Length/Width: 6401 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  44.484722, -103.788056 (est)

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