Tuesday, May 15, 2018

Cessna 162 Skycatcher, N263VX: Accident occurred May 05, 2018 at Waterloo Regional Airport (KALO), DeKalb County, Indiana

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Grand Rapids, Michigan

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Location: Waterloo, I
Accident Number: GAA18CA277
Date & Time: 05/05/2018, 0930 EDT
Registration: N263VX
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot reported that, while landing on a soft grass runway, the airplane bounced during touchdown. He added that, as the airplane settled back to the runway, the nose wheel "hit a soft spot" in the turf, and the nose landing gear collapsed.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The Federal Aviation Administration's Airplane Flying Handbook, FAA-H-8083-3A, contains a section titled "Soft Field Approach and Landing" which states:

Touchdown on a soft or rough field should be made at the lowest possible airspeed with the airplane in a nose-high pitch attitude. In nose-wheel type airplanes, after the main wheels touch the surface, the pilot should hold sufficient back-elevator pressure to keep the nose wheel off the surface. Using back-elevator pressure and engine power, the pilot can control the rate at which the weight of the airplane is transferred from the wings to the wheels.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 67, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/13/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 09/01/2016
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 233 hours (Total, all aircraft), 34 hours (Total, this make and model), 233 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Registration: N263VX
Model/Series: 162
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2011
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Special Light-Sport
Serial Number: 16200031
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/05/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1324 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 316.9 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-200 D1B
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KGWB, 880 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 9 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1335 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 206°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 200°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.08 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / 11°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: MUNCIE, IN (7I2)
Type of Flight Plan Filed:  None
Destination: Waterloo, IN (4C2)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0830 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 900 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Soft
Runway Used: 09
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2340 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  41.431389, -84.981111 (est)

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