Thursday, March 29, 2018

Beechcraft 99, N31TN: Accident occurred March 29, 2018 at King Salmon Airport (PAKN), Alaska

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Anchorage, Alaska

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Location: King Salmon, AK
Accident Number: GAA18CA187
Date & Time: 03/29/2018, 1320 AKD
Registration: N31TN
Aircraft: BEECH 99
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 8 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 135: Air Taxi & Commuter - Non-scheduled

The pilot reported that, after exiting instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) during a circling approach, he was "a little above" normal glidepath and as the airplane crossed the approach end of the runway, the airplane began to sink rapidly and drift to the left. He added power to initiate a go around, but the airplane continued to sink, and landed with the left main landing gear off the left side of the runway. As the airplane became airborne again, he attempted to retract the landing gear, "but the handle was locked in place". He noticed that the left and right main landing gear extension lights were illuminated, but the nose landing gear light was not. The pilot noticed a positive rate of climb and decided to fly to an alternate airport.

The pilot reported that, while en route to the alternate airport, a passenger reported that they smelled smoke, so he turned off electrical equipment. He utilized a pilot-rated passenger to assist with circuit breaker troubleshooting before turning on the battery again for communications. He instructed the pilot-rated passenger to visually examine the landing gear, who reported that the left main landing gear was extended without damage and the right main landing gear was "bent back", with damage to the right flap with fuel leaking from the wing.

After contacting the alternate airport's tower, the pilot reported that he declared an emergency and provided a safety brief to the passengers. He added that, at the alternate airport, he performed an instrument landing system (ILS) approach and over the approach end of the runway, he reduced power, feathered the propellers, and moved both fuel levers to fuel cutoff. During landing, the right main landing gear collapsed, the right wing settled onto the runway, and the airplane began to pull to the right. The pilot added left rudder to maintain the runway centerline and the airplane came to rest on the runway.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 31, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/24/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 12/29/2017
Flight Time: (Estimated) 4056 hours (Total, all aircraft), 103 hours (Total, this make and model), 3918 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 230 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 69 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: BEECH
Registration: N31TN
Model/Series: 99 UNDESIGNATED
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1969
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: U49
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 10
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/21/2018, Continuous Airworthiness
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 10400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Turbo Prop
Airframe Total Time: 39673.3 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: P&W
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: PT6A-20
Registered Owner: LAKE CLARK AIR INC
Rated Power: 550 hp
Operating Certificate(s) Held: On-demand Air Taxi (135)
Operator Does Business As:
Operator Designator Code: HXXC 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Instrument Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PAII, 92 ft msl
Observation Time: 2130 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 38 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 218°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Temperature/Dew Point: 0°C / -1°C
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 200 ft agl
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 6 knots, 270°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.52 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV): 
Precipitation and Obscuration: Moderate - Mist
Departure Point: DILLINGHAM, AK (DLG)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: PILOT POINT, AK (PNP)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 1200 AKD
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 73 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Snow; Wet
Runway Used: 12
IFR Approach: ILS
Runway Length/Width: 8901 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 7 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 8 None
Latitude, Longitude: 58.679722, -156.656111 (est)

Eight people on board a scheduled commuter flight are safe after an emergency landing in King Salmon Thursday afternoon, forced by a ground strike during an attempted landing at its original destination.

Lake Clark Air employees said the plane had been en route from Dillingham to Pilot Point at the time of the incident.

According to National Transportation Safety Board investigator Mike Hodges the Beechcraft 99 had been attempting to make a routine landing in Pilot Point at the time. One pilot and seven passengers were on board.

“During the instrument approach, the plane impacted terrain,” Hodges said. “After the airplane impacted terrain the pilot made a go-around and initiated landing at (the) King Salmon airport.”

Alaska State Troopers said in an online dispatch that they were told the plane was inbound to King Salmon just before 1 p.m. Thursday.

After touching down on the main runway, none of the occupants were injured but “damage to the Beechcraft was sustained on the right wing and the landing gear.”

“The main runway is currently closed for aircraft removal,” troopers wrote.

Another Lake Clark Air plane is en route to take the passengers to their original destinations, according to airline staff.

Original article can be found here ➤

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