Monday, March 26, 2018

Cessna 172R Skyhawk, N987AV: Accident occurred March 23, 2018 at Beaver County Airport (KBVI), Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N987AV

Location: Beaver Falls, PA
Accident Number: GAA18CA175
Date & Time: 03/23/2018, 0915 EDT
Registration: N987AV
Aircraft: CESSNA 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Analysis

The student pilot reported that, during landing, the left wheel came up off the ground and the airplane veered to the right. The right wing hit snow piles and the nose landing gear sheared off.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mount.

The student pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

A review of recorded data from the automated weather observation station located on the airport reported that, about 28 minutes before the accident, the wind was from 330° at 5 knots. The airplane landed on runway 28.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to maintain directional control during the landing roll.

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Snow/ice - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Landing gear collapse

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 18, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/08/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 34.8 hours (Total, all aircraft), 33 hours (Total, this make and model), 5.8 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 14.1 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 9.3 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1.7 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N987AV
Model/Series: 172 R
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1998
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 17280585
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/29/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2450 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines:  1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 6414.6 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91  installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner: MOORE AVIATION INC
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: MOORE AVIATION INC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBVI, 1252 ft msl
Observation Time: 1247 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 241°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: -2°C / -9°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 5 knots, 330°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.19 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: BEAVER FALLS, PA (BVI)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Beaver Falls, PA (BVI)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 0907 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: BEAVER COUNTY (BVI)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1252 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 28
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4501 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude:  40.772500, -80.386944 (est)

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