Friday, September 22, 2017

Cessna 172M Skyhawk, N5146R, Nashville Flight School LLC: Accident occurred September 16, 2017 at Sumner County Regional Airport (M33), Gallatin, Tennessee

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Location: Gallatin, TN
Accident Number: GAA17CA556
Date & Time: 09/16/2017, 1320 CDT
Registration: N5146R
Aircraft: CESSNA 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

Analysis 

The student pilot reported that, while attempting a touch-and-go landing, the airplane bounced. He added that he "worked the yoke" to stabilize the airplane, but the airplane bounced a second time and veered off the runway to the left.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the firewall.

The student pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a bounced landing.

Findings

Aircraft
Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Abnormal runway contact (Defining event)
Loss of control in flight
Attempted remediation/recovery
Runway excursion 

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 55, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/09/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 142 hours (Total, all aircraft), 141 hours (Total, this make and model), 15 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 15 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N5146R
Model/Series: 172 M 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1974
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 17263383
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:07/23/2017, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 8953.5 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-E2D
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBNA, 605 ft msl
Observation Time: 1753 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 20 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 222°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 3600 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 28°C / 19°C
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 5500 ft agl
Visibility: 10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 4 knots, 70°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.14 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: NASHVILLE, TN (BNA)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Gallatin, TN (M33)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1245 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: SUMNER COUNTY RGNL (M33)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 583 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 17
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6300 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Touch and Go 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  36.374167, -86.408333 (est)

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Nashville, Tennessee

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket  - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Nashville Flight School LLC:  http://registry.faa.gov/N5146R

NTSB Identification: GAA17CA556
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Saturday, September 16, 2017 in Gallatin, TN
Aircraft: CESSNA 172, registration: N5146R
Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators used data provided by various entities, including, but not limited to, the Federal Aviation Administration and/or the operator and did not travel in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft accident report.

The student pilot reported that, while attempting a touch-and-go landing, the airplane bounced. He added that, he "worked the yoke" to stabilize the airplane, but the airplane bounced a second time and veered off the runway to the left.

Subsequently, the airplane sustained substantial damage to the firewall.

The student pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

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