Thursday, August 03, 2017

Cessna A188B, N4207J: Accident occurred July 05, 2017 at Greater Kankakee Airport (KIKK), Kankakee County, Illinois

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Des Plaines, Illinois

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Investigation Docket National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Kankakee, IL
Accident Number: GAA17CA461
Date & Time: 07/05/2017, 1100 CDT
Registration: N4207J
Aircraft: CESSNA A188B
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Ferry 


The pilot in the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that he made a three-point landing on runway 4, but the airspeed was high, and the airplane bounced. The airplane then descended and landed on the main landing gear. As the airspeed decreased, and the tail wheel settled to the runway, the pilot felt that he did not have rudder authority and he mistakenly attempted to apply the heel brakes.

The accident airplane was equipped with toe brakes. The pilot's other airplane has heel brakes and he recalled that the heel brake application was instinctive.

The pilot reported that there was a crosswind, the airplane began pulling to the right, and he eventually applied the toe brakes, but the airplane ground-looped to the right.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the horizontal stabilizer.

The METAR reported that the wind was from 130° at 7 knots and the skies were clear with 10 statute miles of visibility.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a bounced landing, and his subsequent incorrect brake application, which led to the loss of directional control.


Brake - Incorrect use/operation (Cause)
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues 
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues 
Crosswind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Abnormal runway contact
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)

Landing-landing roll 

Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 36, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Single
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/17/2017
Occupational Pilot:
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/04/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 327 hours (Total, all aircraft), 5 hours (Total, this make and model), 4.6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0.4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N4207J
Model/Series: A188B B
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1980
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Restricted; Normal
Serial Number: 18803724
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  06/06/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 4000 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5867.3 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Not installed
Engine Model/Series: IO520D187B
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 300
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Agricultural Aircraft (137)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KIKK, 629 ft msl
Observation Time: 1535 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 3 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 25°C / 18°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 7 knots, 130°
Visibility (RVR): 
Altimeter Setting: 30.13 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Salem, WI (4WN9)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Veedersburg, IN (IN55)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0900 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 629 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 04
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5981 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  41.071389, -87.846389 (est)

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