Thursday, August 31, 2017

Cessna 150G, N2996S: Accident occurred August 30, 2017 at Wasilla Airport (PAWS), Alaska

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Denali, Alaska

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N2996S

Location: Wasilla, AK
Accident Number: GAA17CA542
Date & Time: 08/30/2017, 1642 AKD
Registration: N2996S
Aircraft: CESSNA 150
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fuel exhaustion
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Analysis 

The solo student pilot reported that, on a cross-country flight, she diverted to a closer airport because the airplane was low on fuel. She added that she executed a go-around after a high approach, but when she advanced the throttle forward, the engine experienced a total loss of engine power. She then landed the airplane straight ahead in brush.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings.

Postaccident examination revealed that the airplane had less than the 3.5 unusable gallons of fuel.

The student pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's inadequate in-flight fuel planning, which resulted in fuel exhaustion, the subsequent total loss of engine power, and a forced off-airport landing. 

Findings

Aircraft
Fuel - Fluid level (Cause)

Personnel issues
Fuel planning - Student pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Enroute
Fuel related

Approach-VFR go-around
Fuel exhaustion (Defining event)

The solo student pilot reported that on a cross country flight she diverted to a closer airport because the airplane was low on fuel. She added that she executed a go-around after a high approach, but when she advanced the throttle forward, the engine experienced a total loss of engine power. She landed the airplane straight ahead in brush.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings.

A postaccident examination revealed that the airplane had less than the 3.5 unusable gallons of fuel.

The student pilot reported no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 20, Female
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/30/2014
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 101 hours (Total, all aircraft), 64 hours (Total, this make and model), 18 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 73 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 38 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N2996S
Model/Series: 150 G
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1967
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 15066896
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1600 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-200 SERIES
Registered Owner: Kingdom Air Corps
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PAWS, 354 ft msl
Observation Time: 2356 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 56°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 15°C / 4°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 12 knots/ 17 knots, 100°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.29 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: HEALY, AK (PAHV)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Wasilla, AK (IYS)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1520 AKD
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: WASILLA (IYS)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 353 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 22
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3700 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  Full Stop; Go Around; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 61.568056, -149.552222 (est)
Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Denali, Alaska

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N2996S


Location: Wasilla, AK
Accident Number: GAA17CA542
Date & Time: 08/30/2017, 1642 AKD
Registration: N2996S
Aircraft: CESSNA 150
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fuel exhaustion
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The solo student pilot reported that on a cross country flight she diverted to a closer airport because the airplane was low on fuel. She added that she executed a go-around after a high approach, but when she advanced the throttle forward, the engine experienced a total loss of engine power. She landed the airplane straight ahead in brush.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings.

A postaccident examination revealed that the airplane had less than the 3.5 unusable gallons of fuel.

The student pilot reported no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 20, Female
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/30/2014
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 101 hours (Total, all aircraft), 64 hours (Total, this make and model), 18 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 73 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 38 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N2996S
Model/Series: 150 G
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1967
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 15066896
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1600 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-200 SERIES
Registered Owner: Kingdom Air Corps
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PAWS, 354 ft msl
Observation Time: 2356 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 56°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 15°C / 4°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 12 knots/ 17 knots, 100°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.29 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: HEALY, AK (PAHV)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Wasilla, AK (IYS)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1520 AKD
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: WASILLA (IYS)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 353 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 22
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3700 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  Full Stop; Go Around; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 61.568056, -149.552222 (est)

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