Thursday, June 15, 2017

Piper PA-28-180, N33764: Accident occurred June 14, 2017 at Estherville Municipal Airport (KEST), Emmet County, Iowa

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Des Moines


Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N33764 

Location: Estherville, IA
Accident Number: GAA17CA338
Date & Time: 06/14/2017, 0915 CDT
Registration: N33764
Aircraft: PIPER PA 28
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Analysis

The solo student pilot reported that, as the airplane entered ground effect, while landing in crosswind conditions, a gust of wind lifted the airplane and pushed it to the left. He added that he initiated a go-around and "[pushed] the nose down slightly to gain lift". He further added that, during the go-around, he "must have relaxed the aileron countering the wind", and a gust of wind pushed the airplane to the left. Subsequently, the airplane impacted the ground and spun around.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mount.

The student pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The automated weather observation system located on the airport reported, about 23 minutes before the accident, the wind was from 180° at 15 knots, gusting to 21 knots. The student pilot landed on runway 16. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to maintain crosswind correction during a go-around in gusting wind conditions.

Findings

Aircraft
Crosswind correction - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Gusts - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-aborted after touchdown
Other weather encounter

Landing

Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 40, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/27/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 28 hours (Total, all aircraft), 28 hours (Total, this make and model), 28 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: PIPER
Registration: N33764
Model/Series: PA 28 180
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1974
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28-7505178
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT:
Engine Model/Series: O-360 SER
Registered Owner: Paul Slaughter
Rated Power: hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan


Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KEST, 1317 ft msl
Observation Time: 1352 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 197°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 18°C / 18°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 15 knots/ 21 knots, 180°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.75 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Estherville, IA (EST)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Estherville, IA (EST)
Type of Clearance: Unknown
Departure Time: 0834 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information


Airport: ESTHERVILLE MUNI (EST)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 1318 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 16
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4797 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  43.404444, -94.745556 (est)

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