Sunday, July 10, 2016

Cessna A185E Skywagon 185, N85CF: Accident occurred July 19, 2016 in Iliamna, Alaska

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

NTSB Identification: ANC16LA046
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Tuesday, July 19, 2016 in Illiamna, AK
Probable Cause Approval Date: 07/26/2017
Aircraft: CESSNA A185, registration: N85CF
Injuries: 4 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

The commercial pilot reported that he made a normal approach and landing to an unimproved landing strip and that the left main landing gear (MLG) wheel assembly separated from the landing gear leg at the axle bolts during rollout. The gear leg then dug into the gravel landing surface, which resulted in a sudden left turn, ground loop, and subsequent substantial damage to the left wing, left aileron, and elevator. The pilot and the passenger stated that it did not feel as if the airplane hit anything during the landing rollout. The pilot also stated that the initiating event may have been a crosswind landing on a hard-surfaced runway with large tundra tires earlier in the week, during which he inadvertently “put a side load on the landing gear.” 

Postaccident examination of the left MLG axle assembly and bolts revealed that the left axle had separated from the landing gear leg due to a rearward overload event. The initial separation was due to the shearing of the forward bolt threads by tensile forces on the bolts, which was followed by the bending deformation of the aft bolts, consistent with a fore-to-aft overload.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:
The overstress fracture of the left main landing (MLG) gear axle attachment bolts and the subsequent separation of the left MLG wheel, which resulted in the pilot’s inability to control the airplane.

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Anchorage and Wasilla, Alaska

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N85CF

NTSB Identification: ANC16LA046 
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Tuesday, July 19, 2016 in Illiamna, AK
Aircraft: CESSNA A185, registration: N85CF
Injuries: 4 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On July 19, 2016, about 1030 Alaska daylight time, a tailwheel-equipped Cessna 185 airplane, N85CF, sustained substantial damage following a separation of the left main wheel and axle from the landing gear leg during the landing rollout at an unimproved landing strip about 20 miles northwest of Illiamna, Alaska. The commercial pilot, and three passengers were not injured. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot, as a visual flight rules (VFR) business flight, under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident and no flight plan was filed.

During an interview with the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigator-in-charge (IIC) on July 20, 2016, the pilot stated that after a normal landing to a flat, level ridgeline, the left wheel and axle separated from the landing gear leg during the landing rollout. The gear leg then dug into the gravel landing surface which resulted in a sudden left turn and subsequent ground loop. The left wing, left aileron and elevator struck the ground and sustained substantial damage. The left wheel assembly came to rest about 25 feet from the airplane. 

A passenger of the accident flight stated during an interview that the she did not feel the landing was hard and did not feel the airplane hit anything on the landing roll out.

The pilot stated on NTSB Form 6120.1, Pilot/Operator Aircraft Accident/Incident Report, that the landing was normal and he did not feel the aircraft hit anything. He stated that, while on large tundra tires, he inadvertently put a side load on the landing gear earlier in the week during a landing on a hard-surfaced runway with a strong crosswind.

An NTSB metallurgist conducted an examination of the left axle connecting bolts. The bolts were identified as heavy duty and appropriate for installation per the Cessna 185 Illustrated Parts Catalog. Magnified examinations of the separations revealed fracture features and deformation patterns consistent with bending overstress separations. No indications of preexisting cracking or corrosion were visible. (Refer to the Materials Laboratory Factual Report in the public docket for further information regarding the fractured components.)

The closest weather reporting facility is Illiamna Airport, Illiamna, Alaska, about 20 miles southeast of the accident site. At 0953, an Aviation Routine Weather Report (METAR) from the Illiamna Airport was reporting in part: wind from 320° at 10 knots gusting to 18 knots; sky condition, clear; visibility, 10 statute miles; temperature 63° F; dew point 48° F; barometric pressure 30.19 inHg.

NTSB Identification: ANC16LA046
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Tuesday, July 19, 2016 in Illiamna, AK
Aircraft: CESSNA A185, registration: N85CF
Injuries: 4 Uninjured.

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On July 19, 2016, about 1030 Alaska daylight time, a tailwheel-equipped Cessna 185E airplane, N85CF, had the left main wheel and axle separate from the landing gear strut during the landing rollout at an unimproved landing strip 20 nm west-northwest of Illiamna, Alaska. The commercial rated pilot and three passengers were not injured. The airplane sustained substantial damage. The airplane was registered to, and operated by, the pilot as a visual flight rules (VFR) other work-use flight under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident, and no flight plan was filed.

During an interview with the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigator-in-charge (IIC) on July 20, 2016, the pilot stated that during the landing roll out, the left wheel separated from the axle and rolled away from the airplane. The left main landing gear leg dug into the gravel landing surface, which resulted in a sudden left turn. The left wing, elevator, lower engine cowling, and propeller struck the ground. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing. 

A postaccident examination by the pilot revealed that the 4 wheel bolts at the axle connection were broken. The attach bolts and axle have been retained and a detailed examination is pending. 

The closest weather reporting facility is Illiamna Airport, Illiamna, about 20 miles southeast of the accident site. At 0953, an aviation routine weather report (METAR) from the Illiamna Airport was reporting in part: wind from 320 degrees at 10 knots gusting to 18 knots; sky condition clear; visibility 10 statute miles; temperature 63 degrees F; dew point 48 degrees F; barometric pressure 30.19 inHg. The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Anchorage, Alaska
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office;  Wasilla, Alaska

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N85CF

NTSB Identification: ANC16LA046 
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Tuesday, July 19, 2016 in Illiamna, AK
Aircraft: CESSNA A185, registration: N85CF
Injuries: 4 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On July 19, 2016, about 1030 Alaska daylight time, a tailwheel-equipped Cessna 185 airplane, N85CF, sustained substantial damage following a separation of the left main wheel and axle from the landing gear leg during the landing rollout at an unimproved landing strip about 20 miles northwest of Illiamna, Alaska. The commercial pilot, and three passengers were not injured. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot, as a visual flight rules (VFR) business flight, under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident and no flight plan was filed.

During an interview with the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigator-in-charge (IIC) on July 20, 2016, the pilot stated that after a normal landing to a flat, level ridgeline, the left wheel and axle separated from the landing gear leg during the landing rollout. The gear leg then dug into the gravel landing surface which resulted in a sudden left turn and subsequent ground loop. The left wing, left aileron and elevator struck the ground and sustained substantial damage. The left wheel assembly came to rest about 25 feet from the airplane. 

A passenger of the accident flight stated during an interview that the she did not feel the landing was hard and did not feel the airplane hit anything on the landing roll out.

The pilot stated on NTSB Form 6120.1, Pilot/Operator Aircraft Accident/Incident Report, that the landing was normal and he did not feel the aircraft hit anything. He stated that, while on large tundra tires, he inadvertently put a side load on the landing gear earlier in the week during a landing on a hard-surfaced runway with a strong crosswind.

An NTSB metallurgist conducted an examination of the left axle connecting bolts. The bolts were identified as heavy duty and appropriate for installation per the Cessna 185 Illustrated Parts Catalog. Magnified examinations of the separations revealed fracture features and deformation patterns consistent with bending overstress separations. No indications of preexisting cracking or corrosion were visible. (Refer to the Materials Laboratory Factual Report in the public docket for further information regarding the fractured components.)

The closest weather reporting facility is Illiamna Airport, Illiamna, Alaska, about 20 miles southeast of the accident site. At 0953, an Aviation Routine Weather Report (METAR) from the Illiamna Airport was reporting in part: wind from 320° at 10 knots gusting to 18 knots; sky condition, clear; visibility, 10 statute miles; temperature 63° F; dew point 48° F; barometric pressure 30.19 inHg.

NTSB Identification: ANC16LA046
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Tuesday, July 19, 2016 in Illiamna, AK
Aircraft: CESSNA A185, registration: N85CF
Injuries: 4 Uninjured.

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On July 19, 2016, about 1030 Alaska daylight time, a tailwheel-equipped Cessna 185E airplane, N85CF, had the left main wheel and axle separate from the landing gear strut during the landing rollout at an unimproved landing strip 20 nm west-northwest of Illiamna, Alaska. The commercial rated pilot and three passengers were not injured. The airplane sustained substantial damage. The airplane was registered to, and operated by, the pilot as a visual flight rules (VFR) other work-use flight under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident, and no flight plan was filed.

During an interview with the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigator-in-charge (IIC) on July 20, 2016, the pilot stated that during the landing roll out, the left wheel separated from the axle and rolled away from the airplane. The left main landing gear leg dug into the gravel landing surface, which resulted in a sudden left turn. The left wing, elevator, lower engine cowling, and propeller struck the ground. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing. 

A postaccident examination by the pilot revealed that the 4 wheel bolts at the axle connection were broken. The attach bolts and axle have been retained and a detailed examination is pending. 

The closest weather reporting facility is Illiamna Airport, Illiamna, about 20 miles southeast of the accident site. At 0953, an aviation routine weather report (METAR) from the Illiamna Airport was reporting in part: wind from 320 degrees at 10 knots gusting to 18 knots; sky condition clear; visibility 10 statute miles; temperature 63 degrees F; dew point 48 degrees F; barometric pressure 30.19 inHg.

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